السلافونية الكنسية القديمة

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى: تصفح، ‏ ابحث

إن اللغة السلافونية الكنسية القديمة والسلافية الكنسية القديمة (OCS) словѣ́ньскъ ѩзꙑ́къ، slověnĭskŭ językŭ كانت أول لغة سلافية أدبية، وتطورت بحلول القرن التاسع عشر حين جاء المبشرون الإغريق البيزنطيون مثل كيرلس وميثوديوس اللذين يُنسب إليهما توحيد معايير اللغة واستخدامها لترجمة الكتاب المقدس وغيرها من النصوص الكنسية الإغريقية القديمة باعتبارها جزءًا من تنصير السلاف.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] وقد لعبت تلك اللغة دورًا هامًا على مدار تاريخ اللغات السلافية ومثلت أساسًا ونموذجًا لتقاليد السلافونية الكنسية، وتستخدم بعض الكنائس الأرثوذوكسية الشرقية والكنائس الكاثوليكية الشرقية اللغة السلافونية الكنسية على أنها لغة طقسية حتى يومنا هذا.

المراجع[عدل]

  1. ^ Dmitrij Cizevskij. Comparative History of Slavic Literatures, Vanderbilt University Press (2000) p. 27
  2. ^ Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001–05, s.v. "Cyril and Methodius, Saints"; Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Incorporated, Warren E. Preece – 1972, p. 846, s.v., "Cyril and Methodius, Saints" and "Eastern Orthodoxy, Missions ancient and modern"; Encyclopedia of World Cultures, David H. Levinson, 1991, p. 239, s.v., "Social Science"; Eric M. Meyers, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, p. 151, 1997; Lunt, Slavic Review, June 1964, p. 216; Roman Jakobson, Crucial problems of Cyrillo-Methodian Studies; Leonid Ivan Strakhovsky, A Handbook of Slavic Studies, p. 98; V.Bogdanovich , History of the ancient Serbian literature, Belgrade, 1980, p. 119.
  3. ^ The Columbia Encyclopaedia, Sixth Edition. 2001–05, O.Ed. Saints Cyril and Methodius "Cyril and Methodius, Saints) 869 and 884, respectively, “Greek missionaries, brothers, called Apostles to the Slavs and fathers of Slavonic literature."
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Major alphabets of the world, Cyrillic and Glagolitic alphabets, 2008, O.Ed. "The two early Slavic alphabets, the Cyrillic and the Glagolitic, were invented by St. Cyril, or Constantine (c. 827–869), and St. Methodius (c. 825–884). These men were Greeks from Thessaloniki who became apostles to the southern Slavs, whom they converted to Christianity."
  5. ^ Hastings، Adrian (1997). The construction of nationhood: ethnicity, religion, and nationalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. صفحة 126. ISBN 0-521-62544-0. ". the activity of the brothers Constantine (later renamed Cyril) and Methodius, aristocratic Greek priests who were sent from Constantinople." 
  6. ^ Fletcher، R. A. (1999). The barbarian conversion: from paganism to Christianity. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. صفحة 327. ISBN 0-520-21859-0. 
  7. ^ Cizevskij، Dmitrij؛ Zenkovsky، Serge A.؛ Porter، Richard E. Comparative History of Slavic Literatures. Vanderbilt University Press. صفحات vi. ISBN 0-8265-1371-9. ""Two Greek brothers from Salonika, Constantine who later became a monk and took the name Cyril and Methodius." 
  8. ^ The illustrated guide to the Bible. New York: Oxford University Press. 1998. صفحة 14. ISBN 0-19-521462-5. "In Eastern Europe, the first translations of the Bible into the Slavoruic languages were made by the Greek missionaries Cyril and Methodius in the 860s" 
  9. ^ Smalley، William Allen (1991). Translation as mission: Bible translation in the modern missionary movement. Macon, Ga.: Mercer. صفحة 25. ISBN 978-0-86554-389-8. "The most important instance where translation and the beginning church did coincide closely was in Slavonic under the brothers Cyril, Methodius, with the Bible completed by AD. 880 This was a missionary translation but unusual again (from a modern point of view) because not a translation into the dialect spoken where the missionaries were The brothers were Greeks who had been brought up in Macedonia," 
  10. ^ Kazhdan، Alexander P. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. New York: Oxford University Press. صفحة 507. ISBN 0-19-504652-8. "Constantine (Cyril) and his brother Methodius were the sons of the droungarios Leo and Maria, who may have been a Slav." 

وصلات خارجية[عدل]