جاك كيروك

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
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Jack Kerouac
صورة معبرة عن الموضوع جاك كيروك
Jack Kerouac by Tom Palumbo circa 1956

ولد 12 مارس 1922(1922-03-12)
المهنة كاتب قصص وشاعر ورسام
المواطنة أمريكي
النوع شعراء بيت
الحركة الأدبية بيت
P literature.svg بوابة الأدب

جان لويس "جاك" كيروك (play /ˈkɛræk/ أو /ˈkɛrɵæk/؛ ولد في 12 من مارس 1922م - 21 من أكتوبر 1969م) كان شاعرًا وكاتبًا روائيًا أمريكيًا. فهو يُعتبر محطم التقاليد الأدبية كما أنه يعد، إلى جانب كل من ويليام إس بوروز وألين جينسبيرج، رائد من رواد مجموعة جيل بيت (Allen Ginsberg).‏[2] ويُعرف كيروك بأسلوبه التلقائي في الكتابة، وتغطيته لموضوعات مثل الروحانيات الكاثوليكية وموسيقى الجاز والإباحة الجنسية والبوذية والمخدرات والفقر والسفر. وأصبح كيروك نجمًا مشهورًا لإحدى الحركات السرية، كما أنه أصبح، مع آخرين من مجموعة جيل بيت، سلفًا لحركة الهيبي، وذلك على الرغم من أنه ظل معاديًا لبعض عناصرها المتطرفة سياسيًا.[3] في عام 1969، وفي عمر 47، توفى كيروك نتيجة لنزيف داخلي بسبب معاقرة الكحوليات لفترة طويلة. ومنذ وفاته، نمى صيت كيروك الأدبي وتم نشر العديد من أعماله السابقة التي لم تُعرف من قبل. وتمت طباعة كل كتبه الآن، ومن بينها: على الطريق ودكتور ساكس (Doctor Sax) ودراما المتشردين و كآبة مدينة ميكسيكو (Mexico City Blues) والخبايا (Subterraneans) وملائكة الدمار (Desolation Angels) ورؤى كودي (Visions of Cody) وأخي البحر (The Sea is My Brother) وبيغ سور.

المراجع[عدل]

  1. ^ McGrath, Charles. "Another Side of Kerouac: The Dharma Bum as Sports Nut," The New York Times (May 15, 2009). Accessed May 16, 2009.
  2. ^ Swartz (1999). The view from On the road: the rhetorical vision of Jack Kerouac. Southern Illinois University Press. صفحة 4. ISBN 978-0-8093-2384-5. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2010-01-29.  Unknown parameter |firsts= ignored (help)
  3. ^ Martinez، Manuel Luis (2003)، Countering the Counterculture: Rereading Postwar American Dissent from Jack Kerouac to Tomás Rivera، University of Wisconsin Press، صفحة 26، ISBN 978-0-299-19284-6، "Kerouac appeared to have done an about-face, becoming extraordinarily reactionary and staunchly anticommunist, vocalizing his intense hatred of the 1960s counterculture..." ; id. at p. 29 ("Kerouac realized where his basic allegiance lay and vehemently disassociated himself from hippies and revolutionaries and deemed them unpatriotic subversives."); id. at p. 30 ("Kerouac['s]...attempt to play down any perceived responsibility on his part for the hippie generation, whose dangerous activism he found repellent and "delinquent."); id. at p. 111 ("Kerouac saw the hippies as mindless, communistic, rude, unpatriotic and soulless."); Maher، Paul؛ Amram، David (2007)، Kerouac: His Life and Work، Taylor Trade Publications، صفحة 469، ISBN [[Special:BookSources/978-1-58989-366-8|978-1-58989-366-8 [[تصنيف:مقالات ذات أرقام كتب دولية غير صالحة]]]] تأكد من صحة |isbn= (help)، "In the current political climate, Kerouac wrote, he had nowhere to turn, as he liked neither the hippies...nor the upper-echelon..." .

كتابات أخرى[عدل]

  • Amburm, Ellis. Subterranean Kerouac: The Hidden Life of Jack Kerouac. St. Martin's Press, 1999. ISBN 0-312-20677-1
  • Amram, David. Offbeat: Collaborating with Kerouac. Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002.ISBN 1-56025-362-2
  • Bartlett, Lee (ed.) The Beats: Essays in Criticism. London: McFarland, 1981.
  • Beaulieu, Victor-Lévy. Jack Kerouac: A Chicken Essay. Coach House Press, 1975.
  • Brooks, Ken. The Jack Kerouac Digest. Agenda, 2001.
  • Cassady, Carolyn. Neal Cassady Collected Letters, 1944-1967. Penguin, 2004. ISBN 0-14-200217-8
  • Cassady, Carolyn. Off the Road: Twenty Years with Cassady, Kerouac and Ginsberg. Black Spring Press, 1990.
  • Challis, Chris. Quest for Kerouac. Faber & Faber, 1984.
  • Charters, Ann. Kerouac. San Francisco: Straight Arrow Books, 1973.
  • Charters, Ann (ed.) The Portable Beat Reader. New York: Penguin, 1992.
  • Charters, Ann (ed.) The Portable Jack Kerouac. New York: Penguin, 1995.
  • Christy, Jim. The Long Slow Death of Jack Kerouac. ECW Press, 1998.
  • Clark, Tom. Jack Kerouac. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1984.
  • Coolidge, Clark. Now It's Jazz: Writings on Kerouac & the Sounds. Living Batch, 1999.
  • Cook, Bruce. The Beat Generation. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971. ISBN 0-684-12371-1
  • Dagier, Patricia; Quéméner, Hervé. Jack Kerouac: Au Bout de la Route ... La Bretagne. An Here, 1999.
  • Dagier, Patricia ; Quéméner Hervé. Jack Kerouac, Breton d'Amérique. Editions Le Télégramme, 2009.
  • Dale, Rick. The Beat Handbook: 100 Days of Kerouactions. Booksurge, 1998.
  • Edington, Stephen. Kerouac's Nashua Roots. Transition, 1999.
  • Ellis, R.J., Liar! Liar! Jack Kerouac - Novelist. Greenwich Exchange, 1999.
  • French, Warren. Jack Kerouac. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1986.
  • Gaffié, Luc. Jack Kerouac: The New Picaroon. Postillion Press, 1975.
  • Giamo, Ben. "Kerouac, The Word and The Way". Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.
  • Gifford, Barry. "Kerouac's Town". Creative Arts, 1977.
  • Gifford, Barry; Lee, Lawrence. "Jack's Book: An Oral Biography of Jack Kerouac". St. Martin's Press, 1978. ISBN 0-14-005269-0
  • Grace, Nancy M. Jack Kerouac and the Literary Imagination. Palgrave-macmillan, 2007.
  • Goldstein, N.W., "Kerouac's On the Road." Explicator 50.1. 1991.
  • Haynes, Sarah, "An Exploration of Jack Kerouac's Buddhism:Text and Life"
  • Hemmer, Kurt. Encyclopedia of Beat Literature: The Essential Guide to the Lives and Works of the Beat Writers. Facts on File, Inc., 2007.
  • Hipkiss, Robert A., Jack Kerouac: Prophet of the New Romanticism. Regents Press, 1976.
  • Holmes, John Clellon. Visitor: Jack Kerouac in Old Saybrook. tuvoti, 1981.
  • Holmes, John Clellon. Gone In October: Last Reflections on Jack Kerouac. Limberlost, 1985.
  • Holton, Robert. On the Road: Kerouac's Ragged American Journey. Twayne, 1999.
  • Hrebeniak, Michael. Action Writing: Jack Kerouac"s Wild Form. Carbondale IL., Southern Illinois UP, 2006.
  • Huebel, Harry Russell. Jack Kerouac. Boise State University, 1979. available online
  • Hunt, Tim. Kerouac's Crooked Road. Hamden: Archon Books, 1981.
  • Jarvis, Charles. Visions of Kerouac. Ithaca Press, 1973.
  • Johnson, Joyce. Minor Characters: A Young Woman's Coming-Of-Age in the Beat Orbit of Jack Kerouac. Penguin Books, 1999.
  • Johnson, Joyce. Door Wide Open: A Beat Love Affair in Letters, 1957-1958. Viking, 2000.
  • Johnson, Ronna C., "You're Putting Me On: Jack Kerouac and the Postmodern Emergence". College Literature. 27.1 2000.
  • Jones, James T., A Map of Mexico City Blues: Jack Kerouac as Poet. Southern Illinois University Press, 1992.
  • Jones, James T., Jack Kerouac's Duluoz Legend. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.
  • Jones, Jim. Use My Name: Kerouac's Forgotten Families. ECW Press, 1999.
  • Jones, Jim. Jack Kerouac's Nine Lives. Elbow/Cityful Press, 2001.
  • Kealing, Bob. Kerouac in Florida: Where the Road Ends. Arbiter Press, 2004.
  • Kerouac, Joan Haverty. Nobody's Wife: The Smart Aleck and the King of the Beats. Creative Arts, 2000.
  • Leland, John. Why Kerouac Matters: The Lessons of On the Road (They're Not What You Think). New York: Viking Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-670-06325-3
  • Maher Jr., Paul. Kerouac: The Definitive Biography. Lanham: Taylor Trade P, July 2004 ISBN 0-87833-305-3
  • Maher, Paul, Jr. We Know Time: The Literary Cosmos of Jack Kerouac (unpublished work-in-progress)
  • McNally, Dennis. Desolate Angel: Jack Kerouac, the Beat Generation, and America. Da Capo Press, 2003. ISBN 0-306-81222-3
  • Miles, Barry. Jack Kerouac: King of the Beats. Virgin, 1998.
  • Montgomery, John. Jack Kerouac: A Memoir ... Giligia Press, 1970.
  • Montgomery, John. Kerouac West Coast. Fels & Firn Press, 1976.
  • Montgomery, John. The Kerouac We Knew. Fels & Firn Press, 1982.
  • Montgomery, John. Kerouac at the Wild Boar. Fels & Firn Press, 1986.
  • Mortenson, Erik R., "Beating Time: Configurations of Temporality in Jack Kerouac's On the Road". College Literature 28.3. 2001.
  • Motier, Donald. Gerard: The Influence of Jack Kerouac's Brother on his Life and Writing. Beaulieu Street Press, 1991.
  • Nicosia, Gerald. Memory Babe: A Critical Biography of Jack Kerouac. Berkeley: U of Cal P, 1994. ISBN 0-520-08569-8
  • Parker, Brad. "Jack Kerouac: An Introduction". Lowell Corporation for the Humanities, 1989.
  • Sandison, David. Jack Kerouac. Hamlyn, 1999.
  • Swick, Thomas. "South Florida Sun Sentinel". February 22, 2004. Article: "Jack Kerouac in Orlando".
  • Theado, Matt. Understanding Jack Kerouac. Columbia: University of South Carolina, 2000.
  • Turner, Steve. Angelheaded Hipster: A Life of Jack Kerouac. Viking Books, 1996. ISBN 0-670-87038-2
  • Walsh, Joy, editor. Moody Street Irregulars: A Jack Kerouac Newsletter
  • Weinreich, Regina. The Spontaneous Poetics of Jack Kerouac. Southern Illinois University Press, 1987.
  • Wills, David, editor. Beatdom Magazine. Mauling Press, 2007.

وصلات خارجية[عدل]