حرس جمهوري (كوريا الشمالية)

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
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الحرس الجمهوري لكوريا الشمالية (بالكورية:조선인민군 육군) واسمها الرسمي : قوات الحرس الشعبي الكوري .

تاريخ[عدل]

بعد نهاية الأربعينيات ، دخلت القوات الكورية الجنوبية الأراضي الكورية الشمالية شهر يونيو عام 1950م ، إلا أن الحرس الكوري الشمالي تصدت لاحتلال الكورية الجنوبية . The force was formed in the late 1940s and it outnumbered and outgunned the South Korean Army on the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950. North Korean ground forces formations which fought in the Korean War included the II and V Corps, the 105th Armored Division, the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th, 19th, and 43rd Infantry Divisions. During the Korean War it also contained a number of independent units such as the 766th Infantry Regiment.

In 1960 the KPA GF may have totaled fewer than 400,000 persons and probably did not rise much above that figure before 1972. The force expanded over the next two decades. In 1992, there were approximately 1 million personnel.[1] Before this expansion of the North Korean ground forces, the South Korean Army outnumbered the North Korean Army. From the 1970s on, South Korea started exceeding North Korea in terms of economics. Thus, South Korea could modernize its forces, which alerted North Korea and resulted in the expansion of the North Korean military. Ironically, the weaker of the two Koreas has maintained the larger armed force. The size, organization, disposition, and combat capabilities of the Ground Force give Pyongyang military options both for offensive operations to reunify the peninsula and for credible defensive operations against any perceived threat from South Korea.

Over time, this organization has adjusted to the unique circumstances of the military problem the KPA faces and to the evolution of North Korean military doctrine and thought.

Current status[عدل]

The overwhelming majority of active ground forces are deployed in three echelons — a forward operational echelon of four infantry corps; supported by a second operational echelon of two mechanized corps, the armor corps, and an artillery corps; and a strategic reserve of the two remaining mechanized corps and the other artillery corps.[2] These forces include the 806th and 815th Mechanized Corps and the 820th Armored Corps. These forces are garrisoned along major north-south lines of communication that provide rapid, easy access to avenues of approach into South Korea. The KPA has positioned massive numbers of artillery pieces including some fakes,[بحاجة لمصدر] especially its longer-range systems, close to the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separates the two Koreas.

KPA Soldier at the DMZ

Equipment[عدل]

The Ground Forces have a mixed of domestic and imported equipment in their inventory. Prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, most of these items were Soviet made and later from China. Total tank inventory amounts to between 4,500 and 5,400 units.

Main sources: [1] (note that this source is known to be quite outdated), [2]

دبابات الحرس[عدل]

Name Type Country of Origin In Service Notes
Type 59 Main Battle Tank علم الصين الصين 1,000[3] some 2000 T-55 and Type 59 Tanks are thought to currently be in service
T-62 Main Battle Tank علم الاتحاد السوفيتي الاتحاد السوفيتي 800 Capable of receiving model 3-5 Ch'onma-Ho upgrades
T-55 Main Battle Tank علم الاتحاد السوفيتي الاتحاد السوفيتي 1,600 some 2000 T-55 and Type 59 Tanks are thought to currently be in service
PT-85 (Type-82) Amphibious Tank علم كوريا الشمالية كوريا الشمالية Unknown based on the VTT-323 APC chassis
PT-76 Amphibious Tank علم الاتحاد السوفيتي الاتحاد السوفيتي 460 some PT-76 are in reserve status
Ch'ŏnma-ho Main Battle Tank علم كوريا الشمالية كوريا الشمالية as high as 1,000 (as of the early 1990's) 1,200 manufactured (as of the early 1990's)
P'okpung-Ho Main Battle Tank علم كوريا الشمالية كوريا الشمالية at least 200-300 in the 105th Guards Armored Division Locally designed Main Battle Tank, contains elements from T-62, T-72, Type 88, T-80 and T-90.

مصادر[عدل]

  1. ^ Federation of American Scientists, Korean Peoples' Army, accessed February 2008
  2. ^ Hodge, Homer T., "North Korea's Military Strategy", Hodge: 2003.
  3. ^ Christopher F Foss. Jane's Armour and Artillery 2005-2006.