شخصية إدمانية

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
(بالتحويل من الشخصية الادمانية)
فهرس الإدمان والاعتمادية[1][2][3][4]

الشخصية الادمانية هي مجموعة السمات التي تجعل الشخص لديه استعداد للإدمان.[5] الأشخاص الذين لديهم اعتمادية على المواد يمكن تصنيفهم على أنهم لديهم اعتمادية على المواد بدرجة تؤثر سلبا على حياتهم. الإدمان مجرد سلوك نمطي برتبط بفعل معين يولد اللذة كالانترنت والعمل والمخدرات والتدخين وإلى آخره ويكمن الحل في أن يزاحم حياته بالأمور الأخرى الأقل امتاعا له.

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مراجع[عدل]

  1. ^ Malenka RC، Nestler EJ، Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience (ط. 2nd). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. ص. 364–375. ISBN:9780071481274.
  2. ^ Nestler EJ (ديسمبر 2013). "Cellular basis of memory for addiction". Dialogues Clin. Neurosci. ج. 15 ع. 4: 431–443. PMC:3898681. PMID:24459410. Despite the importance of numerous psychosocial factors, at its core, drug addiction involves a biological process: the ability of repeated exposure to a drug of abuse to induce changes in a vulnerable brain that drive the compulsive seeking and taking of drugs, and loss of control over drug use, that define a state of addiction. ... A large body of literature has demonstrated that such ΔFosB induction in D1-type [nucleus accumbens] neurons increases an animal's sensitivity to drug as well as natural rewards and promotes drug self-administration, presumably through a process of positive reinforcement ... Another ΔFosB target is cFos: as ΔFosB accumulates with repeated drug exposure it represses c-Fos and contributes to the molecular switch whereby ΔFosB is selectively induced in the chronic drug-treated state.41. ... Moreover, there is increasing evidence that, despite a range of genetic risks for addiction across the population, exposure to sufficiently high doses of a drug for long periods of time can transform someone who has relatively lower genetic loading into an addict.
  3. ^ "Glossary of Terms". Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Department of Neuroscience. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2015-02-09.
  4. ^ Volkow ND، Koob GF، McLellan AT (يناير 2016). "Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction". N. Engl. J. Med. ج. 374 ع. 4: 363–371. DOI:10.1056/NEJMra1511480. PMID:26816013. Substance-use disorder: A diagnostic term in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) referring to recurrent use of alcohol or other drugs that causes clinically and functionally significant impairment, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home. Depending on the level of severity, this disorder is classified as mild, moderate, or severe.
    Addiction: A term used to indicate the most severe, chronic stage of substance-use disorder, in which there is a substantial loss of self-control, as indicated by compulsive drug taking despite the desire to stop taking the drug. In the DSM-5, the term addiction is synonymous with the classification of severe substance-use disorder.
  5. ^