العلم المسيحي

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى: تصفح، ‏ ابحث
العلم المسيحي.

العلم المسيحي هو علم صمم في أوائل القرن العشرين لتمثيل كل من المسيحية والعالم المسيحي، وكان أكثر شعبية بين الكنائس المسيحية في أمريكا الشمالية وأفريقيا وأمريكا اللاتينية. العلم ذو خلفية بيضاء، مع صليب لاتيني أحمر اللون داخل كانتون ازرق. اللون الأحمر على الصليب يرمز إلى دم يسوع الذي سفك على الجلجثة.[1] واللون الأزرق يمثل مياه المعمودية، وكذلك الخلاص بيسوع. الأبيض يمثل النقاء والطهارة.[2] ويرتبط اللون الأبيض بللا عنف في إشارة إلى نبذ العنف في الكتاب المقدس.[2]

أعلام الطوائف المسيحية[عدل]

تتخذ عدد من الطوائف والجماعات المسيحية في كافة أنحاء العالم أعلام خاصة بها جنبًا إلى جنب العلم المسيحي.[3]

الشعارت المسيحية في الأعلام الوطنية[عدل]

تحوي جميع الأعلام أخذت فكرة علم الدنمارك، بما في ذلك علم فنلندا، علم جزر فارو، علم آيسلندا، علم النرويج وعلم السويد على الصليب المسيحي، وهو ما يمثل المسيحية.[4][5] يتكون علم المملكة المتحدة، صليب أحمر للقديس جورج (شفيع انكلترا) محاط بإطار أبيض الذي يشكل صليب القديس باتريك (شفيع إيرلندا الشمالية). بالإضافة إلى صليب قطري بشكل إشارة أكس X الذي يكّون صليب القديس أندرو (شفيع اسكتلندا).[6] بالإضافة إلى ذلك، يحتوي علم اليونان، فضلاً عن علم سويسرا، على الصليب المسيحي لتمثيل الإيمان المسيحي.[7] كما يرمز الصليب على علم دومينيكا للمسيحية في حين أن الألوان الثلاثة ترمز إلى الثالوث، كما يحتوي شعار النبالة في علم سلوفاكيا على الصليب المزدوج رمز المسيحية السلافية.[8] ويصور علم جمهورية الدومينيكان الكتاب المقدس وصليب.[8] كما ويحتوي كل من علم جورجيا، علم مولدافيا، وعلم صربيا على الصليب كتميثل للديانة المسيحية.[8] ويحوي أيضًا علم البرتغال على رموز مسيحية، تمثّل خمسة جروح المسيح.[9]

أعلام دول[عدل]

مراجع[عدل]

  1. ^ "The Christian Flag". Bob Jones University. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2007–10–18. The white on the flag represents purity and peace. The blue stands for faithfulness, truth, and sincerity. Red, of course, is the color of sacrifice, in this case calling to mind the blood shed by Christ on Calvary, represented by the cross. 
  2. ^ أ ب "The Christian Flag". Prayer Foundation. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2007–10–18. The flag's most conspicuous symbol is the Christian cross, the most universal symbol for Christianity. The red color represents the blood of Christ and brings to mind his crucifixion. Christians believe that Jesus Christ's death and resurrection is the means God uses to save believers from their sins. The cross and blood have been used since earliest Christianity to symbolize salvation through Jesus; in the words of the Apostle Paul, "And having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself;" -Colossians 1:20. The white field draws on symbolism throughout the Bible equating white clothes with purity and forgiveness. People who have been "washed white as snow" in the Bible have been cleansed from their sins (Isaiah 1:18; Psalm 51:2). In conventional vexillology (the study of flags, their history and sybolism), a white flag is linked to surrender, a reference to the Biblical description Jesus' non-violence and surrender to God's will. The symbolism behind the blue canton has been interpreted to represent Heaven, truth, or the Christian ritual of Baptism in water. 
  3. ^ http://www.montney.com/flag/facts.htm Christian Flag Facts
  4. ^ Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill Academic. صفحة 88. ISBN 9789004181489. Many predominantly Christian states show a cross, symbolising Christainity, on their national flag. Scandinavian crosses or Nordic crosses on the flags of the Nordic countries–Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden–also represent Christianity. 
  5. ^ Evans, Andrew (2008). Iceland. Bradt Travel Guides. صفحة 27. ISBN 9781841622156. Legend states that a red cloth with the white cross simply fell from the sky in the middle of the 13th-century Battle of Valdemar, after which the Danes were victorious. As a badge of divine right, Denmark flew its cross in the other Scandinavian countries it ruled and as each nation gained independence, they incorporated the Christian symbol. 
  6. ^ Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill Academic Publishers. صفحة 88. ISBN 9789004181489. Many predominantly Christian states show a cross, symbolising Christianity, on their national flag. The Union flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern-Ireland makes reference to three Christian patron saints: the patron saint of England, represented by the red cross of Saint George, the patron saint of Ireland, represented by the red saltire of Saint Patrick, and the patron saint of Scotland, represented by the saltire of Saint Andrew. 
  7. ^ Foley, Carol A. (1 January 1996). The Australian Flag. Federation Press. صفحة 10. ISBN 9781862871885. The Christian cross, for instance, is one of the oldest and most widely used symbols in the world, and many European countries, such as the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Greece and Switzerland, adopted and currently retain the Christian cross on their national flags. 
  8. ^ أ ب ت Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill Academic. صفحة 88. ISBN 9789004181489. The cross on the flag of Dominica represents Christianity while the three colours of which the cross consists stand for the Trinity. The coat of arms depicted on the flag of Slovakia shows a double cross. The flag of the Dominican Republic represents Christianity while the three colours of which the cross consists stand for the Tinity. The coat of arms depicted on the flag of Slovakia shows a double cross. The flag of the Dominican Republic shows the words "God, Fatherland, Liberty", an opened bible and a cross (depicted in the coat of arms which is represented in the centre). The 'five-cross-flag' of George shows four small crosses and a large St. George's Cross, referring to the patron saint of Georgia (the national flag of England shows the St. George's Cross as well). The white cross on the flag of Greece symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy. The flag of Moldova shows its coat of arms in the centre: an eagle with a Christian Orthodox cross in its beak. The coat of arms of Serbia, as depicted on the national flag, also shows an Orthodox cross. 
  9. ^ McCandless, Byron؛ Grosvenor, Gilbert Hovey (1917). Flags of the World. National Geographic Society. صفحة 403. The Portugal man-of-war (1182) and merchant flags (1183 and 1184) bore the same distinguishing features— five shields with the five circles representing the five wounds of Christ, the castles surrounding the inner shields and the armillary sphere, reminiscent of that nation's maritime prowess in the sixteenth century, 200 years ago, as they do now. 

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