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قالب:بداية صندوق

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى التنقل اذهب إلى البحث
Start of centred table

s-start is the initial component in a template series for succession boxes. It replaces the previous formats for succession tables but still allows for most of their use indirectly. In the new format, every succession box begins with s-start, and thus it is an essential component of the new system. If you find a succession template not in this standard, please contact WikiProject Succession Box Standardization.

The purpose of this page is to document the whole succession system based on s-start and to provide instructions for the correct creation and editing of succession boxes. The page is divided into three large sections: the first one provides a brief overview of the succession templates and an explanation of the function of parameters; the second one gives instructions for the creation of succession boxes; the third section goes further into detail about the succession templates and gives examples of their use. Complete examples of succession boxes of varying complexity are given in the end.

Templates examined in this page

Template s-start is to be used with the rest of the succession templates. The following is a list of all succession templates, with the exception of headers:

The first five items on the list are the most basic for the creation of succession boxes and the most heavily used throughout Wikipedia; the others (with the exception of s-hou and s-line) are used as substitutes for one of the first five, depending on the circumstances.

Note that s-line is not currently described in this page, something that will, however, change in the future.

A list of the templates and all their parameters, along with basic information about the use of each template and parameter, can be found in SBS's Cheatsheet.


Most templates work in the same way: the template's name is written between double curly brackets, and the text or code of the template appears in the page. A basic difference of succession templates is that most of them require the editor to include names, titles, or other text that will be displayed in the boxes, and which is different every time.

Such text is inserted into the templates by means of parameters, fields separated from the template name and from each other with pipes ( | ). The function of parameters is to alter the appearance of the cells created by these templates, usually by adding specially formatted text or changing the text already present. Although some parameters simply accept the desired text and are told apart by their place within the template, many parameters have names, separated from the text by an equal sign ( = ); while in the first case empty parameters must still be included if before one with text, many (but not all) named parameters can be omitted if they are not used, irrespective of their position. Furthermore, some named parameters do not require text at all; the simple inclusion of their name will activate a feature of the template. Blank spaces may be inserted between the text and the pipes, equal signs, and double curly brackets, but this is not necessary and can sometimes even be confusing.

In the following example, "s-vac" is the name of the template, "abeyance" is a parameter without any text but its name, and "last" is a parameter with both a name and text, in this case enclosed in double square brackets (thus مساعدة:وصلة).

{{S-vac|abeyance|last=[[جورج سميث (توضيح)]]}}

Most succession templates accept parameters; the inclusion of some of them is essential for the correct function of the templates, while the inclusion of others is optional. The only templates from the list of the previous section that do not accept any parameters are s-start/start and end/s-end. Most of the header templates, however, are also used without parameters.

There are various types of parameters. There are parameters that allow for the inclusion of names, titles, and dates, both obligatory and optional. The row parameter allows for the creation of complex tables and is described lower in this page. And the title parameters change the text normally appearing in s-new, s-inc, and s-vac.

Instructions for use

There are many types of succession boxes, as the combinations of the various templates previously mentioned are virtually endless. We shall begin by demonstrating the use of simple boxes, and proceed with the analysis of more complex boxes of many lines and multiple titles.

Simple boxes

The very purpose of a succession box is to show the place of the subject of the box (the person—or other entity—whose article the box is in) in a succession of people (henceforth referred to as a succession chain). Because of this, most boxes include three people, namely the subject, their predecessor, and their successor.

The quintessential succession box consists of three cells, which go from left to right in the same order that the three persons' terms succeeded each other: the left cell names the predecessor, the middle one names the title of the subject and the years that mark their term in an office (the person's name is already mentioned in the article's title and is thus not repeated here), and the right one names the successor.

Simply enough, the creation of a box follows the same order. First comes the predecessor (template s-bef), the title and years follow (template s-ttl), and then comes the successor (template s-aft). It should not be forgotten, of course, that every succession box opens with the s-start template, and ends with the end template. Each command should be given its own line in the edit box.

Have a look at this diagram.

Enter the start field so that the program recognises the table:
{{بداية صندوق}}
Enter the name of the predecessor:
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[Enter predecessor here]]}}
Enter the title of the person on whose page you are working:
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Enter title here]]
Also, enter the years during which they held that title (not necessarily in a different line):
|years=Enter start date here – Enter end date here}}
Enter the name of the successor:
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[Enter successor here]]}}
Once everything is done, type:
{{نهاية صندوق}}

This is an example of the technique, taken from the article of هنري الثامن ملك إنجلترا. Writing...

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[هنري السابع ملك إنجلترا]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[قائمة ملوك إنجلترا]]
|years=22 April 1509 – 28 January 1547}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[إدوارد السادس]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

...will produce this:

هنري السابع ملك إنجلترا
قائمة ملوك إنجلترا

22 April 1509 – 28 January 1547

إدوارد السادس

Note that the names of the predecessor and the successor and the name of the title are enclosed within double square brackets; this allows for the names in the box to link to their respective articles. Although it is strongly suggested that you do link the names in the boxes even if they do not have their own article at the time (resulting in a red link), there can be exceptions (see SBS's Guidelines for more details).

It is encouraged that you include the title-holder's dates of term or reign whenever possible; if a date is dubious or disputed, use the s-ref template to include references that will back up that date (see the relevant section for details). Please do not link the dates except in a limited number of cases, which are described in the Guidelines page.

Advanced boxes

Many people, like monarchs and prime ministers, active businesspeople, prominent scientists and talented athletes have held multiple offices and/or titles in their life. As it would be unwieldy to create separate boxes for all these titles, we include all of them in a single succession box. Thus, each article has one box at the bottom, which is easier to manage and more aesthetically pleasing.

In some cases, succession boxes consist of many separate rows that are made up of the previous section's simple boxes, and thus their creation follows more or less the same rules; the only difference is that special care should be given to the placement and relative order of said simple boxes, as well as to the inclusion {{S-break}} (a template version of "|-") between the lines where necessary.

In other occasions, a person might inherit more than one titles from a single individual, and/or pass multiple titles on to one person. The several separate crowns of the عالم كومنولث, held by the same Queen, are one good example (see إليزابيث الثانية). It is also possible that someone might take over an office from two different people who had held it jointly until then, or join several different titles into one that will be inherited by a single heir.

For these, and other scenarios, it is possible to create succession boxes that can clearly show those connections by making use of the advanced features of the hereinbefore presented succession template model. The system for the advanced boxes is slightly different from the simple forms demonstrated in the previous section, and it relies heavily on the {{S-break}} template, as well as on the correct counting of the rows.

Counting the rows

Basically, the format is the following: if a box is taking up more than one rows of the table, it can be specified how many rows exactly that will be by inserting a row parameter immediately after the template name (s-... field) and before every other parameter. That can be done by typing:

{{s-...|row=Insert number of rows here|...}}

The number corresponds to the number of rows this name or title overlaps in regard to the other rows, as opposed to denoting a specific height for a cell. In other words, if, for example, all three cells of a line were given a "rows=2" parameter, the box would appear as if none of these cells was assigned a rows parameter at all, the comparative heights of these cells to one another being identical.

The titles in succession boxes are usually listed in the order of the granting of the title—beginning with the oldest titles held—but other schemes exist as well. All notable successive titles should be noted, though titles tied together permanently can be listed in the same cell and some subsidiary titles may be omitted altogether. (See the Guidelines for more details.)

{{S-break}} (the "|-" character)

In the past using "|-" was fine. However, مساعدة:كتب/للخبراء, please use {{S-break}} instead and replace any instance of "|-" you see by "{{S-break}}".

In theory, it is necessary for the box to work to place "|-" between every line of the box, even if every cell is restricted to its own line. However, "|-" is already imbedded into most of the templates, so it is no longer necessary to add it to boxes that consist of simple one-row lines, with the exceptions of templates {{S-vac}} and {{S-non}}: if a line ends with one of these templates, you need to place this character or the computer will not recognize a new row. Similarly, if a line begins with {{S-vac}}, the character must be placed before that row.

Still, things are different with more complex tables that incorporate multiple-row cells covering more than one lines each. Complex patterns are created and it is not always easy for the computer to display all the lines correctly. This is why {{S-break}} is so important in these cases, and although its placement is unneeded between many of the lines, it is much more preferable to use it redundantly in a table than to create a non-functional box, where it will often be difficult to locate the mistake.

That said, and even though it is a safe option to place {{S-break}} between every pair of lines in a box, it is naturally better to avoid such practices to the extent this is possible. Here follow a few simple tips that can limit its redundant usage to a minimum without leading to mistakes:

  • When considering the placement of {{S-break}}, it is important to note the presence or absence of succession templates in a line. That is, a template for a multiple-line cell is always placed at the line from which the cell starts, therefore that line has a template for that cell while the other lines that share the cell do not. As a result, a line from which multi-line cells begin but into which no cell continues from a higher line has templates for all three cells and there is not any need to place the character before it unless this is necessitated by the presence of a s-vac or s-non template.
In the following example, note the lack of {{S-break}} between the first and the second line and, more importantly, between the fourth and fifth lines:
{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|rows=2|before=}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|rows=3|after=}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}
  • When only the predecessor cell of a line stretches between the line in question and a previous one (it does not matter whether it continues into a lower line), {{S-break}} needs not be inserted between that line and the previous one. Similarly, if only the successor cell covers multiple lines and begins in a line above the one in question, then the {{S-break}} that could follow the concerned line's s-ttl parameter can be omitted. And the situation is even easier with a multi-row title cell (a rarer occurrence), as it is usually not directly affected by line changes. Generally, it is easier for the computer to separate the lines when only one template is missing from a row's three.
  • Always use the preview button before saving. If you are not certain about the inclusion of a {{S-break}}, you can try removing it and then previewing the page; if a succession box has an error, that will generally be readily visible. Keep in mind that each line in a box ought to have three cells, each line and column should align perfectly, and the two side columns should have the same width, which normally is slightly smaller than that of the middle column (a 3 to 4 ratio).

Have a look at the following example. In its first iteration (left), {{S-break}} is used to separate every line from its previous and next ones. In its second version (right), {{S-break}} is used only as many times as it is necessary for the box to work properly: none. The result is exactly the same in both cases, and can be seen below the code.

President of the Balkans


King of New Zealand


King of Southeast Asia


Governor of Borneo


Analysis of succession templates

Here follows a detailed description of the succession templates, with information about the circumstances in which they are used and examples of their use in succession boxes. The five basic templates are not included, as their function is standard (see previous section) and their parameters are documented separately lower in this page.

The templates are analysed in sections according to their place in succession boxes.

Predecessor/successor templates

These are the templates that are used to substitute s-bef and/or s-aft when a box documents a succession different from the usual format of "predecessor-subject-successor", like at the beginning or end of a succession chain and at a vacancy. The templates in this category are four: s-new, s-non, s-inc, and s-vac.


S-new is used instead of s-bef to signify the beginning of a new succession chain, where there is no predecessor before the subject for a specific title. Titles can be created any time and for any reason: along with the birth of new states, in times of governmental reform, and at the creation of new political parties, educational institutions, electoral districts/constituencies, or other foundations or entities.

Simply using {{تعاقب-لقب جديد}} will produce a plain "New title" cell. Using parameters can change this title: "creation" produces a "New creation" cell instead of the "New title" one, "party" produces a "New political party" one, etc. (see the template page for an exhaustive list). There is also a "reason" parameter, which gives the option of entering the reason behind the title's creation, using a short sentence.

Here follow three examples of the usage of Template:S-new, taken from the articles of ألفرد ديكين, أنتوني أشلي كوبر ، إيرل شافتسبري الأول, and روبرت والبول respectively:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{تعاقب-لقب جديد}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Attorney General of Australia]]|years=1901–1903}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[جيمس دريك]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب جديد|creation}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Earl of Shaftesbury]]|years=1672–1683}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 2nd Earl of Shaftesbury|Anthony Ashley-Cooper]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب جديد|first|reason=None recognized before}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[رئيس وزراء المملكة المتحدة]]|years=4 April 1721 – 11 February 1742}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[سبنسر كومبتون]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

لقب جديد Attorney General of Australia


جيمس دريك
ابتكارٌ حديث Earl of Shaftesbury


Anthony Ashley-Cooper
None recognized before
رئيس وزراء المملكة المتحدة

4 April 1721 – 11 February 1742

سبنسر كومبتون


S-non is the opposite of s-new: it is used to signal the conclusion of a chain of succession, replacing s-aft in the box's successor cell. All titles at one time or another expire, become extinct, are abolished, or otherwise fall in disuse, and those that have not yet met such a fate will undoubtedly do so in the future.

As the reasons for the end of a title are more numerous and possibly more difficult to describe than those for its creation, s-non is an open template, allowing for the insertion of practically any message (using the "reason" parameter, which cannot be omitted). It is preferable, however, that these messages are as short as possible, and there are many such labels whose usage is dictated by guidelines, like "Extinct" and "Merged in the Crown" for peerages, "Office abolished" for offices, and "District eliminated" for electoral districts.

S-non must be followed by a |- character in complex tables, or error might occur in the display of these succession boxes. The use of this character is not necessary if a reason is given, as the use of a reason incorporates the use of the | character. The very first and last lines of each table (counting headers and other templates) are also excepted, as it is not necessary to add the character before the first line and after the last one.

Here follow three examples of the usage of Template:S-non, taken from the articles of لويس مونتباتن, Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, and جون كوينسي آدامز respectively:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[أرشيبالد ويفل]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Governor-General of India|Viceroy of India]]|years=1947}}
{{S-non|reason=Office abolished}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[John Egerton, 2nd Duke of Bridgewater|John Egerton]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Duke of Bridgewater|Earl of Bridgewater]]|years=1748–1803}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[جيمس إل. هودجز]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=Member from [[Massachusetts's 12th congressional district]]|years=1833–1843}}
{{S-non|reason=District eliminated}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

أرشيبالد ويفل
Viceroy of India


Office abolished
John Egerton
Earl of Bridgewater


جيمس إل. هودجز
Member from Massachusetts's 12th congressional district


District eliminated


S-inc is used instead of s-aft to show that the subject is the current holder of a title, and that for this reason there is no successor to the title for the duration of the subject's term. There are incumbents for all succession chains that have not already ended, with the exception of those currently vacant.

One will normally use the proper s-inc template, {{S-inc}}, which will produce a simple "Incumbent" cell. There are two parameters that can change this title when it is inappropriate: "recent" produces a "Most recent" cell, suitable for the latest awards and election candidacies, and "current" produces a "Current holder" cell, fit for holders of records and trophies. Along with the aforementioned ones, there is the "heir" parameter, which allows one to include the name of the incumbent's heir (if any), as well as the "heir-type" parameter, where an heir's specific title or status can be stated (usually "Heir apparent" or "Heir presumptive").

Here follow three examples of the usage of Template:S-inc, taken from the articles of أنغيلا ميركل, John McCain, خوان كارلوس الأول, and فيدور إميليانينكو respectively:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[غيرهارد شرودر]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[مستشار ألمانيا (1949–)|Chancellor of Germany]]|years=2005–present}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[جورج دبليو بوش|George W. Bush]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[List of United States Republican Party presidential tickets|Republican Party presidential candidate]]|years=[[انتخابات الرئاسة الأمريكية 2008]]}}
{{S-vac|last=[[ألفونسو الثالث عشر ملك إسبانيا|Alfonso XIII]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[قائمة ملوك إسبانيا]]|years=22 November 1975 – present}}
{{S-inc|heir=[[فيليب السادس ملك إسبانيا]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب جديد|Championship}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[World Alliance of Mixed Martial Arts#Current Champions|WAMMA Heavyweight Champion]]|years=July 19, 2008 – present}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

غيرهارد شرودر
Chancellor of Germany


George W. Bush
Republican Party presidential candidate

انتخابات الرئاسة الأمريكية 2008

Most recent
آخر من حمل اللقب
Alfonso XIII
قائمة ملوك إسبانيا

22 November 1975 – present

فيليب السادس ملك إسبانيا
New championship WAMMA Heavyweight Champion

July 19, 2008 – present

Current holder


S-vac may be used in place of either s-bef or s-aft (or both in the same line), and its purpose is to indicate breaks in succession chains, primarily vacancies. A vacancy is a length of time during which a title is unoccupied—for monarchs, such periods are known as interregna. Vacancies occur to most offices, although it should be noted that the short period that often passes between the end of the previous holder's term and the election/appointment of the next holder does not count as a vacancy.

There are two basic versions for s-vac, each of which requires a parameter. The version for the predecessor cell uses a "last" parameter, where the name of the title's holder before the vacancy can be filled, while the version for the successor cell uses the parameter "next". Furthermore, there are title parameters that change the message displayed ("Vacant"), depending on the specific circumstances: "commission" produces an "In commission" label and "suspended" produces a "Suspended" one, to furnish two examples (see the قالب:S-vac for an exhaustive list).

Apart from the standard edition of s-vac, there is also a pair of versions for the cases where title holders are unknown, and thus there are again missing links in the chains of succession, even though the titles were actually occupied at those times. In these occasions, the "last" and "next" parameters are replaced with "unknlast" and "unknnext" respectively, while the "unknown" title parameter ought to be used. This way readers can navigate unobstructed along even incomplete succession chains.

For all four versions there is also an optional "as" parameter, for changes of title names (see the relevant section lower in this page), as well as a "reason" parameter (preferably only used for vacancies), where a brief explanation for the vacancy can be entered.

Note that s-vac must in every event be preceded (when a predecessor cell) or followed (when a successor cell) by a |- character in succession boxes, because serious errors can occur in the display of these boxes if the character is omitted. The very first and last lines of each table (counting headers and other templates) are excepted, as it is not necessary to add the character before the first line and after the last one.

Here follow four examples of the usage of Template:S-vac, taken from the articles of الأمير تشارلز, سبنسر كومبتون, تشارلز الأول ملك إنجلترا, and Winston Churchill respectively:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{S-vac|last=[[إدوارد الثامن ملك المملكة المتحدة|Edward]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[أمراء ويلز]]|years=26 July 1958 – present}}
{{S-inc|heir=[[ويليام دوق كامبريدج|William]]}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[Thomas Trevor, 1st Baron Trevor|The Lord Trevor]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title={{Ill-WD2|اللورد أمين الختم الكنيف|id=Q910308}}|years=1730}}
{{S-vac|commission|next=[[William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire|The Duke of Devonshire]]}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[جيمس الأول ملك إنجلترا]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[قائمة ملوك إنجلترا]]|years=27 March 1625 – 30 January 1649}}
{{S-vac|next=[[تشارلز الثاني ملك إنجلترا|Charles II]]|reason=[[الكومنولث الإنكليزي]]}}
{{S-vac|unknown|unknlast=[[هربرت أسكويث]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Rector of the University of Aberdeen]]|years=1914–1918}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[Weetman Pearson, 1st Viscount Cowdray|The Viscount Cowdray]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

آخر من حمل اللقب
أمراء ويلز

26 July 1958 – present

The Lord Trevor
اللورد أمين الختم الكنيف  [لغات أخرى]


In commission
حامل اللقب التالي
The Duke of Devonshire
جيمس الأول ملك إنجلترا
قائمة ملوك إنجلترا

27 March 1625 – 30 January 1649

حامل اللقب التالي
Charles II
Last known title holder:
هربرت أسكويث
Rector of the University of Aberdeen


The Viscount Cowdray

Titles and offices

The only title cell template other than s-ttl is s-tul and it is used for titular titles or titles held in pretence. For other forms and functions of s-ttl, see the "Additional features" section.


S-tul is used instead of s-ttl to signify that a title (usually a regnal one) is held by a person, but the power normally associated with it is not. This may take two forms: titular rulers and pretenders.

  • Titular rulers are people who legitimately deserve a title yet are somehow incapable of securing it, as in the case of لويس السابع عشر, heir to the throne during the early years of the الثورة الفرنسية. Generally, a titular ruler's title will again be inherited by someone with power and remains only temporarily suspended. There is generally only one titular claimant to a title.

S-tul is used for the above described cases because of its basic difference from s-ttl: the word "Titular" appears above the title in the displayed cell, and there are formatting differences as well. Apart from the obligatory "title" parameter and the optional but basic "years" parameter (as well as the omnipresent "rows" parameter), this template accepts no parameters.

Here follows one example of the usage of Template:S-tul, taken from the article of نيقولا الثاني:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{تعاقب-لقب جديد|loss}}
{{s-tul|title=[[قائمة الحكام الروس]]|years=15 March 1917 – 17 July 1918}}
{{S-vac|next=[[Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia|Cyril Vladimirovitch]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

Loss of title — المنصب —
قائمة الحكام الروس
15 March 1917 – 17 July 1918
حامل اللقب التالي
Cyril Vladimirovitch

Additional features

As the purpose of succession boxes is to succinctly convey useful information to the readers, there exist parameters that allow the introduction of data into the boxes beyond the already examined capabilities of the succession templates. In particular, there are eleven parameters: the "as" parameter, which is used in predecessor and successor cells, and the "regents" family along with the "alongside", "lords", and "creation" and "dynasty" parameters for the title cell. All of them are optional.

"As" parameter

The parameter as, which can be found in the s-bef, s-aft, and s-vac templates, is used to inform the reader of a change in the title's name from the previous or next holder. In these cases, even though the title retains more or less the same power and the succession chain is not interrupted, the title's name is different. As readers might be confused to see the title suddenly change during the course of a succession chain, the "as" parameter is used to prepare them for the impending change in both directions, added to both the succession box before and the one after the name change.

Please note that certain changes in title names, like the inclusion in a title of "Queen" instead of "King", or that of other gender-specific words, need not be clarified with the "as" parameter.

Here follows a pair of examples of the usage of the "as parameter", taken from the articles of لويس الثامن عشر and نابليون الأول:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[نابليون الأول|Napoléon I]]|as=[[قائمة ملوك فرنسا]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[قائمة ملوك فرنسا]] and [[قائمة ملوك نافارا]]|years=6 April 1814 – 20 March 1815}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[نابليون الأول|Napoléon I]]|as=[[قائمة ملوك فرنسا]]}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[لويس الثامن عشر]]|as=King of France and Navarre}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[قائمة ملوك فرنسا]]|years=1 March 1815 – 22 June 1815}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[نابليون الثاني]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

Napoléon I
كقائمة ملوك فرنسا
قائمة ملوك فرنسا and قائمة ملوك نافارا

6 April 1814 – 20 March 1815

Napoléon I
كقائمة ملوك فرنسا
لويس الثامن عشر
كKing of France and Navarre
قائمة ملوك فرنسا

1 March 1815 – 22 June 1815

نابليون الثاني

"Regents" parameter

This is a group of six parameters, which are used exclusively in s-ttl in order to indicate regencies and other joint occupations of offices and titles. This characterisation applies to occupation of the very same office, and not of similar ones (as is the case with parliamentary seats—see the next section on the "alongside" parameter). Each cell supports up to three regents, whose names can be inserted into parameters "regent1", "regent2", and "regent3" respectively; if there are less than three regents only the first one or two parameters need be used.

For each of the regents there is a corresponding parameter for the years during which they held the office jointly with the subject: "years1", "years2", and "years3". If a regent held the title during the entire term of the subject, however, no years are necessary. The order of the regents should be chronological, with the one assuming the office earlier coming first; if a regent held the office throughout the subject's term (no regency dates), that regent ought to have precedence.

Here follows one example of the usage of the "regents" parameter:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here ::<nowiki>|regent1=Enter name or title of first (or only) regent|years1=Enter first regent's years}}
|regent2=Enter name of title of second regent|years2=Enter second regent's years}}
|regent3=Enter name or title of third regent|years3=Enter third regent's years}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=Insert successor here}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which looks like:

Queen of Antarctica

مع Philip


"Alongside" parameter

The purpose of the "alongside" parameter, used in the s-ttl template, is to show that the subject has served in a parliament or congress for the same constituency, district, state, or other kind of electoral division, as long as that division traditionally elects between two and four representatives. The ultimate number of names that is filled in the parameter is equal to, or greater than, the number of the seats in the district in question minus one, and greatly depends on the length of the subject's term. There are no years for this parameter, and the names are only separated by commas; line breaks (<br />) can be used to improve the box's layout.

Here follows one example of the usage of the "alongside" parameter, taken from the article of جون كينيدي:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[هنري كابوت لودج الابن]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[List of United States Senators from Massachusetts|Senator from Massachusetts (Class 1)]]|years=January 3, 1953 – December 22, 1960|alongside=[[Leverett Saltonstall]]}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[Benjamin A. Smith]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which looks like:

هنري كابوت لودج الابن
Senator from Massachusetts (Class 1)

January 3, 1953 – December 22, 1960
إلى جانب: Leverett Saltonstall

Benjamin A. Smith

"Lords" parameter

The "lords" parameter (again, only found in s-ttl) shows that a person is a member of the مجلس اللوردات, and gives the years for which that membership lasted. These years are entered into the "lords" parameter, and their inclusion is compulsory if the parameter is to be used. As all peers in the peerages of إنجلترا, بريطانيا العظمى, and the المملكة المتحدة were automatically entitled to a seat in the Lords before the 1999 reform of the House, the years of their membership were usually contemporaneous with those of their holding the peerage titles granting them their seats, and thus the "lords" parameter can be omitted for subjects whose most senior titles belonged to one of the three aforementioned peerages. On the other hand, the parameter is useful for:

  • representative peers
  • peers who lost their seats in the Lords in 1999
  • peers whose most senior titles were in the peerages of اسكتلندا or نبلاء إيرلندا and whose seats in the Lords were held through one of their junior titles (before 1999)
  • Bishops of the Church of England entering the Lords after 1999 (with the exception of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and the Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester, who are ex officio members of the House of Lords)

Here follow four examples of the usage of the "lords" parameter, taken from the articles of John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, Alexander Scrymgeour, 12th Earl of Dundee, Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart, 7th Earl Cathcart, and كينيث ستيفنسون respectively:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough|John Spencer-Churchill]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Duke of Marlborough (title)]]|years=1972–present|lords=1972–1999}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[Jamie Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford|Charles Spencer-Churchill]]}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=[[Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart|Alan Cathcart]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Earl Cathcart]]|years=1999–present|lords=2007–present}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=Timothy John Bavin]]}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Bishop of Portsmouth]]|years=1995–present|lords=2005–present}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

John Spencer-Churchill
Duke of Marlborough (title)

Member of the مجلس اللوردات'(1972–1999)

Charles Spencer-Churchill
Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn
Earl of Dundee

Member of the مجلس اللوردات'(1983–present)

Alan Cathcart
Earl Cathcart

Member of the مجلس اللوردات'(2007–present)

Timothy John Bavin
Bishop of Portsmouth

Member of the مجلس اللوردات'(2005–present)


"Creation" parameter, "dynasty" parameter

"Creation" and "dynasty" constitute a pair of parameters identical in appearance, though somewhat different in purpose, currently the newest ones in template s-ttl. The "creation" parameter helps keep track of peerage successions for titles created multiple times; "xth creation" ought to be filled in the parameter for every box in the specific chain, and creation parameters should be used for all creations of the same title. The "dynasty" parameter gives information of more complementary nature, mainly designed for Egyptian Pharaohs.

Here follows an example of the usage of the "creation" parameter, taken from the article of جون دادلي:

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{تعاقب-لقب جديد|creation}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=[[Duke of Northumberland]]|creation=1st creation|years=1551–1553}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will appear like this:

ابتكارٌ حديث Duke of Northumberland

1st creation



Headers are coloured horizontal bars that help categorise offices and titles in succession boxes. Each header is placed above one or more succession lines of the same type (more specifically, the type given in the header), effectively organising the boxes. Each header has a different colour, something which eases navigation in large succession boxes. Another characteristic that aids quick navigation is that the headers (and the succession lines beneath them) are placed in a specific order (found in SBS's Guidelines page).

Apart from lessening the feeling of confusion large succession boxes tend to create to the reader, headers also provide useful disambiguation information by naming specific legislative bodies, religions, peerages etc. to which the titles below these headers belong. This can be done by using parameters, each producing a different variant of the basic template created by the unparametered header templates, with the same colour but different, though similar, text. Parameters also create headers for different subtypes of offices which are not populous enough as categories to allow for separate header templates.

The following table lists all the header succession templates, showing each header and the wiki-code that produces it; for headers that are specialised by parameters, both the proper header and an example of a specialised one are shown. More information about their proper usage can be found in the relevant section of the Guidelines page. Exhaustive lists of the templates' parameters, along with examples of their use, can be found in each template's individual documentation page, which can be accessed from the links in this list.

مناصب أكاديميَّة {{s-aca}}
الجوائز و الإنجازات {{S-ach}}
الجوائز {{S-ach|aw}}
مناصب تجارية {{s-bus}}








المناصب الدبلوماسية {{S-dip}}
مناصب تربوية {{S-edu}}
مناصب حكومية {{S-gov}}


ألقاب تشريفية {{s-hon}}


السلسلة {{s-lit}}


مناصب عسكرية {{S-mil}}
مناصب منظمات غير ربحية {{S-npo}}
Masonic offices {{S-npo|mason}}
المناصب السياسية {{S-off}}
مناصب أخرى {{S-other}}
مقاعد البرلمان {{S-par}}
Unrecognised parameter {{S-par|uk}}
المناصب الحزبية السياسية {{S-ppo}}
ألقاب ادعائيَّة بِالأحقيَّة {{S-pre}}
ترتيب الأسبقية {{s-prec}}
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom {{s-prec|uk}} العهد {{S-reg}} العهد {{الحكم|fr}}
Religious titles {{S-rel}}
ألقاب مسيحيَّة أرثوذكسيَّة {{S-rel|or}}
ألقاب ملكية {{S-roy}}
Scottish royalty {{S-roy|sc}}
مناصب رياضية {{S-sports}}
الألعاب الغيلية {{S-sports|gaa}}





Other optional templates

Apart from the headers, there are two more templates whose inclusion in succession boxes is not necessitated by any technical restrictions, but they convey useful information and their usage may be required by guidelines. As of February 2008, these templates are s-hou and s-ref, but more might be added in the future.


S-hou generates a cell with royal house information for use in the boxes of all members of royal families. This cell tops the succession box and covers its entire width, and it establishes which royal house the subject belongs to, as well as provides basic information about the subject, namely their name and title, their birth date, and (if applicable) their death date. It may also name the older house from which the aforementioned house is a cadet branch of, if such information exists.

Template s-hou is written right after the s-start template, and the data is inserted into nameless parameters—save for one which does have a name ("name"). The structure is the following:


Each number corresponds to the type of information that goes into the specific field, according to the list that follows:

  1. The royal house to which the subject belongs
  2. The date of the subject's birth (if known)
  3. The year of the subject's birth (if known)
  4. The date of the subject's death (if any, and known)
  5. The year of the subject's death (if any, and known)
  6. The royal house that the above house is descended from (if any, and known)
  7. The name (and title) of the subject, in case that the correct form is different from the article title

The fields for which there is no available information may be left blank, and any blank fields that happen to be at the end of the template can be omitted overall. However, an unknown birth or death year (but not a missing date with a known year) should be indicated with the word "Unknown", unless both years are unknown, in which case they should both be left blank, resulting in the date line not appearing at all. The death date and year should be left completely blank if the subject is living, so that the death information will not appear.

Also, there is no point whatsoever in including s-hou in the succession box if the royal house is not known. Finally, the "name" parameter should only be used if the article's title, which normally appears in the cell's first line, is different from the correct name and/or title of the subject. As the very last field in the template, it should be omitted instead of blanked if its use is unnecessary.

Template:s-hou (with others)

{{بداية صندوق}}
{{S-hou|Enter name of house|Day and month of birth|Year of birth|Day and month of death|Year of death|Parent house|Alternative name}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/سبقه|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{تعاقب-لقب|title=Insert title here|years=Insert start date here – Insert end date here}}
{{صندوق تعاقب/تبعه|after=[[Insert successor here]]}}
{{نهاية صندوق}}

Which will look similar to this:

بداية صندوق
House of Lucanzzo
هو فرع من House of Petre
ولد: 18 March 1920 توفي: 31 December 1987
King of Greenland




Template s-ref exists to provide notes and references related to the information in succession boxes. On one hand, citing sources is becoming increasingly important in Wikipedia, and succession boxes are no exception; references from outside Wikipedia ought to be given for the successions and dates stated in the boxes wherever possible. On the other hand, explanations are often necessary for some of the more unusual events documented in succession boxes, and giving them in the main body of the boxes rather than at their end can create some very unwieldy configurations of footnotes and annotations that do not aid standardisation in the least.

S-ref supports up to ten sources/notes, which are entered as follows:

{{s-ref|Enter source/note 1 here|Enter source/note 2 here|Enter source/note 3 here| ... |Enter source/note 10 here}}

Only use as many fields as is necessary in each box. It is very important to note that s-ref already incorporates the function of template end, and it is thus unnecessary to use {{نهاية صندوق}} to close a succession box when s-ref is used.

The notes and sources in s-ref are automatically numbered; they ought to be listed in the template with the order in which the information sourced, or to which the notes refer, is encountered in the box. The resulting numbers should be superscript next to the names, titles, and/or dates to which they refer—to do that, enclose a number in <sup> tags like this: <sup>2</sup>. (For numbers 1 to 3 one may also use the characters provided in the symbol box under the edit window.)

Sources should be written according to the instructions found in ويكيبيديا:الاستشهاد بمصادر, and care should be taken to write notes clearly enough to be useful, but also succinctly and without taking up too much space and cluttering the box.

Complete example

Using the rows feature of the templates, very advanced tables can be created to help in situations with people who hold many posts, especially رئيس وزراء المملكة المتحدةs. The following is a hypothetical chart with at least one use of all the forms above:

بداية صندوق
House of San Miguel
هو فرع من House of López
ولد: 19 January 1958 توفي: Living
عنوان العهد
لقب جديد
Dowry from father
Queen of India

مع Michael

Lady Supreme of Oceana


حامل اللقب التالي
Empress of Arabia


Title merged with
Great Khanna of Asia
Grand Duchess of Europa


آخر من حمل اللقب
Karl von Igorstein
Chief Sultana of Africa


لقب جديد
Consolidation of Asia
Great Khanna of Asia


— المنصب —
Lady of the Isles
سبب فشل خلافة المنصب:
Declared a republic


انظر أيضا

قالب:بداية صندوق/TemplateData