قالب:جد مصادر

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى التنقل اذهب إلى البحث

جِد مصادر: Google (books · news · scholar · free images · WP refs· FENS · JSTOR · NYT · WP Library

توثيق القالب

This template produces a series of links to various search interfaces to help find additional reference material for articles. This template should not be used in articles themselves - see ويكيبيديا:وصلات خارجية.

الاستخدام[عدل]

The first parameter is the main search term, which will be treated as a literal string if multi-part (e.g. Albert Einstein will be searched as the single string "Albert Einstein" not "Albert" and "Einstein" separately).

Optional subsequent parameters (up to 4) are additional search terms. They can be enclosed in double quotation marks, preceded by an unspaced - (hyphen) to exclude them from the search results, or both (e.g. -"Marilyn Monroe" to exclude matches containing the phrase "Marilyn Monroe", but not either name by itself, from the search results). You do not need to add -wikipedia, as the template automatically does this for you. Also, there is no need to add words in plural form unless irregular, as the search interface will match (for example) billiards as well given a search term of billiard.

If no parameters are given, the name of the article is passed as the search string. Note that this may or may not be desirable with disambiguated article names (if the Wikipedia disambiguator is sensible, however, it may actually help refine the search results)

Search engines[عدل]

The template includes links to the following search engines:

  • google
  • google books
  • google news
  • google scholar
  • google free images
  • wikipedia reference search
  • free news sources
  • jstor
  • new york times
  • wikipedia library

أمثلة[عدل]

  • Default search:
{{Find sources}}
produces:
جِد مصادر: Google (books · news · scholar · free images · WP refs· FENS · JSTOR · NYT · WP Library
  • Simple search:
{{Find sources|Albert Einstein}}
produces:
جِد مصادر: Google (books · news · scholar · free images · WP refs· FENS · JSTOR · NYT · WP Library
  • Complex search:
{{Find sources|Albert Einstein|physics OR cosmology|-"Marilyn Monroe"|relativity|science}}
produces:
جِد مصادر: Google (books · news · scholar · free images · WP refs· FENS · JSTOR · NYT · WP Library

(Note that Google and many other search engines use capitalized boolean operators "OR" and "AND".)

طالع أيضاً[عدل]