قالب:صورة مشروحة

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
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هذا القالب يسمح للمستخدمين إضافة معلومات وملاحظات لصورة معينة على شكل جمل كاملة أو نصوص (يمكن أن تحوي وصلات خارجيّة)، والمقصود منه تسهيل القراءة للمستخدمين عمومًا والذين يعانون قصر النظر خصوصًا، لا سيما وأن معظم الصور توضع بحجم مُصغّر يُصعب القراء في بعض الأحيان.

يُمكن استخدام هذا القالب أيضًا لإزلة بعض الأقسام غير المرغوبة من إحدى الصور أو تكبير حجم بعضها الآخر، بالإضافة لتدويل الصور، أي وضع شرح واف عنها دون حاجة إلى ترجمتها باستخدام إحدى البرامج الحاسوبيّة.

الاستخدام[عدل]

للاطلاع على الأمثلة أنظر قالب:صورة مشروحة/doc/أمثلة.

إن جميع المعلمات يجب أن تكون ذات أسماء – فلا يمكن أن توجد أي معلمات "مرقمة" غير مسماة.

يُمكن الاستغناء عن إحدى معلمتان بأخرى، وهاتان هما: الصورة وخريطة الصورة، دائمًا استخدم إحداهما لكن لا تستخدم كلاهما معًا.

في معظم الحالات لن يحتاج المستخدم إلا إلى تعبئة المعلمات المطلوبة – أما المعلمات الأخرى فهي موضوعة بحال رغب المستخدم إضافة أو وضع تصميم أكثر توسعًا للصورة.

Name Allowed values Default value Function & notes
caption wikitext (required) Caption of the image, goes in the usual place for image captions.
alt text empty Alt text of image, for readers who cannot see it; see WP:ALT.
image valid image file name; SVG images are allowed (see note) You must specify image or imagemap but not both.
imagemap valid (X)HTML imagemap (see note) You must specify image or imagemap but not both.
width positive integer (optional) Total width (in pixels) of the box containing the image and annotations. Must be at least as large as the image's displayed width (which you can set by using image-width).
height positive integer (optional) Total height (in pixels) of the box containing the image and annotations. Must be at least as large as the image's displayed height. If you change the displayed width of the image by specifying image-width, you will have to work out the image's displayed height and then add any "margins" you need for annotations.
image-left positive integer (optional; defaults to 0) X-coordinate of the image's top left corner (in pixels), relative to the top left corner of the box containing the image and annotations.
image-top positive integer (optional; defaults to 0) Y-coordinate of the image's top left corner (in pixels), relative to the top left corner of the box containing the image and annotations.
image-width positive integer (required) Width of the image (in pixels).
annotations required may be left empty (annotations=) if you simply want to crop an image Annotations for the image.
float right
left
none
right Makes the template's output float to the right or left of the text..
outer-css any valid CSS (optional, no default value) Additional CSS for the outermost box. Cannot over-ride any other parameters that you specify for the outer box. It is best to use this only as a last resort.
image-bg-color any valid CSS color white Background of the box in whichi the image is displayed. You might want to set a dark background if the image is dark and you want to use a light color for the annotations.
image-css any valid CSS (optional, no default value) Additional CSS for the image (or rather, the invisible box that contains it). Cannot over-ride any other parameters that you specify for the image's box. It is best to use this only as a last resort.
annot-text-align left
right
center
left Sets a default text-alignment for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-background-color any valid CSS color transparent Sets a default background-color for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-font-family any valid CSS font-family (optional, no default value) Sets a default font-family for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-font-size positive integer (optional, no default value) Sets a default font-size (in pixels) for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-font-weight any valid CSS font-weight (optional, no default value) Sets a default font-weight for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-font-style any valid CSS font-style (e.g. italic) (optional, no default value) Sets a default font-style for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-line-height any valid CSS line-height (optional, no default value) Sets a default line-height (line spacing) for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish. Only useful for multi-line annotations.
annot-font-family any valid CSS font-family (optional, no default value) Sets a default font-family for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.
annot-color any valid CSS color (optional, no default value) Sets a default color for all the contained annotations. You can over-ride this for individual annotations if you wish.

Example[عدل]

Template:Annotated image/Extinction

Internationalisation[عدل]

This template makes internationalisation easy – the text is already separate from the image, so it is easy to translate the text and, if necessary, move pieces of text, as the lengths of the same text in different languages can vary a lot. For example nl:Sjabloon:Zijbalk mariene extincties, the Dutch version of Template:Annotated image/Extinction, is widely used..

Pitfall[عدل]

There is one pitfall, although it is mainly about using one browser in the correct way (Microsoft Internet Explorer, of course). Internet Explorer has two ways of scaling-up text to ease readability:

  • Text resizing, which appears in Internet Explorer's View menu, affects text but not images. This method can disrupt annotated images, as the text is scaled up but the image content and frame are not. Firefox and Opera do not use this mechanism.
  • Zoom also scales the image as well as text annotations, and thus does not disrupt the relative sizes and locations of annotations in annotated images. Netscape and its Mozilla derivatives, Firefox and Opera have had zoom for years, and it is more useful, as it also scales text implemented as part of an image, e.g., as in the Wikipedia logo. The zoom control sequences (CTRL + to increase, CTRL - to decrease) are the same in Firefox, Opera and Internet Explorer. In Firefox and Opera, there also menu items for zoom, which show the control sequences. In Internet Explorer 7 only text resizing appears in the menu; in order to learn zoom, users must look up some external source.

Subpages: templates based on this one[عدل]

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