^ Nuclear Engineering International: Obninsk - number one, by Lev Kotchetkov, who was there at the time. Source for most of the information in this article.
^ Paul R. Josephson (2005). Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today. University of Pittsburgh Pre. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-8229-7847-3.
^ Committee on End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States. Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division on Earth and Life Studies and Office for Central Europe and Eurasia Development, Security, and Cooperation Policy and Global Affairs (2003). End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States. National Academies Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-309-08724-7.