مستخدم:محمد 19951/ملعب5

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى التنقل اذهب إلى البحث
The green flag of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was the only national flag in the world with just one color.

[1]

[2] [3][1][4]

[5]

[6][7][8][9][10][11]

[12][12]

Coup d'état of 1969[عدل]

[13]

[14]

Post-coup[عدل]

Gaddafi (left) with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1969.

Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)[عدل]

Libyan Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية الليبية


Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-ʿArabiyyah Al-Lībiyyah  (بالعربية)
Repubblica Araba Libica  (بالإيطالية)


1969–1977 Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya|
العلم شعار النبالة
النشيد
الله أكبر
Allahu Akbar

God is the Greatest
العاصمة Tripoli
اللغات Arabic
Italian
الحكومة One-party state under military dictatorship
Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
 -  1969–1977 Muammar Gaddafi
الحقبة التاريخية Cold War
 -  Coup d'état 1 September 1969
 -  Jamahiriya established 2 March 1977
السكان
 -  1977 تقديري. 2٬681٬900 
العملة Libyan dinar

Attempted counter-coups[عدل]

[15]

[15][15][15][15]

Assertion of Gaddafi's control[عدل]

[16]

The Flag of the Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1972).
The Coat of the Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1972).

Alignment with the Soviet bloc[عدل]

Petroleum politics[عدل]

1973 oil crisis[عدل]

[17][17]

[17][18]

Transition to the Jamahiriya (1973–1977)[عدل]

(Alfateh, 1 September 1969) Festivity Alfateh in Bayda, Libya, on 1 September 2010.

Libyan-Egyptian War[عدل]

[19][20][21][22][23][24]

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[عدل]

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى


al-Jamāhīrīyah al-‘Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ash-Sha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al-‘Uẓmá

Libyan Arab Republic|
1977–2011
العلم شعار النبالة
النشيد
الله أكبر
"Allahu Akbar"
((بالإنجليزية: "God is Great"))
العاصمة Tripoli (1977–2011)
Sirte (2011)[25]
اللغات Arabic
الدين Islam
الحكومة Unitary Islamic socialist Jamahiriya dictatorship
Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution
 -  1977–2011 Muammar Gaddafi
الحقبة التاريخية Cold War · War on Terror
 -  People's Authority 2 March 1977
 -  Fall of Tripoli 28 August 2011
 -  Gaddafi killed 20 October 2011
السكان
 -  2010 تقديري. 6٬355٬100 
العملة Libyan dinar

[26][27][28]

[29]

Etymology[عدل]

[30]

Reforms (1977–1980)[عدل]

Democracy Index 2010.
Full democracies:
  9–10
  8–8.9
Flawed democracies:
  7–7.9
  6–6.9
  No data
Hybrid regimes:
  5–5.9
  4–4.9
Authoritarian regimes:
  3–3.9
  2–2.9
  0–1.9
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2010 data, published on 4 November 2010)[31]
  0.900 and over
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  under 0.300
  Data unavailable

Gaddafi as permanent "Leader of the Revolution"[عدل]

[32]

Administrative reforms[عدل]

[33]

Economic reforms[عدل]

[34][35]

[36]

Military[عدل]

Wars against Chad and Egypt[عدل]

[37][38]

[39]

Islamic Legion[عدل]

Libya under Gaddafi used to have a higher GDP (PPP) per capita than the EU, and in some periods higher than the US.

[40]

[41][42][41]

[43]

[44]

Attempts at nuclear and chemical weapons[عدل]

[45][46][46][47][47][47][47]

[48][45][49][50]

Gulf of Sidra incidents and US air strikes[عدل]

[51]

[52]

[53][53][54]

[55] [55][55]

International relations[عدل]

Africa[عدل]

[56]

[57]

[57][58][59]

[58]

[60][61][61][61][62][63]

[64]

[59][65]

[66][65]

[67][68][69][70][71][72]

[73][74]

Gaddafi and international terrorism[عدل]

1972 newsreel including interview with Gaddafi about his support for radical groups

[55][75][75]

[76][77][75]

[78][79][80][81]

[82]

[83]

[84]

[85]

[86][87]

[88]

[89]

[79][90][91]

[92][91][93]

[33][78][79][81][86]

[94][79]

[79]

[79][90][91]

[91]

[59][65]

[91]

International sanctions after the Lockerbie bombing (1992–2003)[عدل]

[33]

Normalization of international relations (2003–2010)[عدل]

Purification laws[عدل]

[95][96]

Opposition, coups and revolts[عدل]

Political repression and "Green Terror"[عدل]

[33][33]

[97][98][99]

.[100][33]

Opposition to the Jamahiriya reforms[عدل]

[101]

«It is the Libyan people's responsibility to liquidate such scums who are distorting Libya's image abroad.» – Gaddafi talking about exiles in 1982.[55]

[33][90]

[102][33]

[55]

[103]

[104][105][106]

Political unrest during the 1990s[عدل]

[107]

2011 civil war and collapse of Gaddafi's government[عدل]

Nations no longer recognizing (dark blue) the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya as the legitimate government of Libya. Nations that have informal relations with the National Transitional Council, but retain formal relations with the Jamahiriya, are in light blue. Nations in pink have opposed recognition of the National Transitional Council, but have not yet made a formal statement that they will not recognize it. Nations in dark red have refused to recognize the NTC, and only maintain relations with the Jamahiriya. Nations in light gray have not yet expressed a position on which government is the legitimate one.

[108][109][110][111]

[112][113][114][115]

[116][117]

[118][119][120][121]

[122]

[123]

See also[عدل]

Institutions of governance under Gaddafi
Post-Gaddafi

References[عدل]

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  18. ^ [1][وصلة مكسورة]
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  123. ^ "Libye: "Mouammar Kadhafi avait choisi la voie suicidaire dès février"" [Libya: "Muammar Gaddafi had chosen the path of suicide in February"]. 20 minutes (باللغة الفرنسية). 20 October 2011. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 11 نوفمبر 2011. 

External links[عدل]

[[Category:History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi| ]] [[Category:20th century in Libya]] [[Category:21st century in Libya]] [[Category:Articles containing video clips]]