^The Ottoman Treatment of the Assyrians, David Gaunt, A Question of Genocide, ed. Ronald Grigor Suny, Fatma Muge Gocek, Norman M. Naimark, (Oxford University Press, 2011), 255;"In size, Halil's was definitely the superior force, but his army was badly mauled in a decisive battle near Dilman that left thousands of casualties on the battlefield."
^World War I and the End of the Ottomans, ed. Hans-Lukas Kieser, Kerem Oktem and Maurus Reinkowski, (I.B. Tauris, 2015),;"The Ottoman forces were decisively defeated in the battle of Dilman in mid April." نسخة محفوظة 2019-12-15 على موقع واي باك مشين.