إصدارات ويندوز إكس بي – Released on 25 October 2001. Roughly analogous to إصدارات ويندوز إكس بي for Intel's IA-64 (Itanium) line of CPUs. Discontinued in early 2005 after manufacturers stopped shipping Itanium systems marketed as 'workstations'.
Windows Vista Ultimate This edition combines all the features of the Home Premium and Enterprise editions, a game performance tweaker (WinSAT), and "Ultimate Extras".
Windows Vista Enterprise (Microsoft Windows NT 6.0.6000.0) This edition was aimed at the enterprise segment of the market, and is a superset of the Business edition. Additional features include multilingual user interface support, BitLocker Drive Encryption, and UNIX application support. This edition was not be available through retail or OEM channels
Windows Vista Business This edition was aimed at the business market. It includes advanced network and security features, whilst excluding entertainment features.
Windows Vista Home Premium Like Windows XP Media Center Edition, this edition did support more advanced multimedia and entertainment authoring, premium games, mobile and tablet PC support, Network Projector, Windows Aero, Touch Screen, and auxiliary display (via Windows Side Show) support.
Windows Vista Home Basic Similar to Windows XP Home Edition, Home Basic was intended for budget users not requiring advanced media support for home use. The Windows Aero theme with translucent effects was not be included with this edition.
Windows Vista Starter Similar to Windows XP Starter Edition, this edition was limited to emerging markets such as Colombia, India, Thailand, and Indonesia, mainly to offer a legal alternative to using unauthorized copies. It was not to be available in the United States, Canada, Europe, or Australia.
ويندوز فيستا, for home and business desktops and portable computers, released on 30 January 2007.
Windows 7 Ultimate Windows 7 Ultimate contains the same features as Windows 7 Enterprise, but unlike that edition is available to home users on an individual license basis. Windows 7 Home Premium and Windows 7 Professional users are able to upgrade to Windows 7 Ultimate for a fee using Windows Anytime Upgrade if they wish to do so. Unlike Windows Vista Ultimate, the Windows 7 Ultimate edition does not include the Windows Ultimate Extras feature or any exclusive features. (6.1.7600) Observe the existence of versions that is locked out from activation in some countries.
Windows 7 Enterprise (Microsoft Windows NT 6.1.7600) This edition targets the enterprise segment of the market and is sold through volume licensing to companies which have Software Assurance contract with Microsoft. Additional features include support for Multilingual User Interface (MUI) packages, BitLocker Drive Encryption, and UNIX application-support. Not available through retail or OEM channels, this edition is distributed through Microsoft Software Assurance (SA). As a result it includes several SA-only benefits, including a license allowing the running of multiple virtual machines, and activation via VLK.
Windows 7 Professional This edition is targeted toward enthusiasts and small business users. It includes all the features of Windows 7 Home Premium, and adds the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, location aware printing, Encrypting File System, Presentation Mode and Windows XP Mode.
Windows 7 Home Basic Windows 7 Home Basic is available in emerging markets such as Brazil, People's Republic of China, India, Mexico, Pakistan and Southeast Asia. It will not be available in countries such as Australia, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, New Zealand, the United States, or the United Kingdom. Some Aero options are excluded along with several new features.
Windows 7 Starter A variant for developing countries and نت بوك, in which the Aero theme is not included, nor 64-bit compatibility. This edition is to be available pre-installed on computers through system integrators or computer manufacturers.
ويندوز 7, for home, business desktops, and portable computers, released on 22 October 2009.
ويندوز آر تي – Windows RT is only available pre-installed on ARM-based devices such as tablet PCs. It includes touch-optimized desktop versions of the basic set of مايكروسوفت أوفيس 2013 applications to users—Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote, and support device encryption capabilities. Several business-focused features such as Group Policy and domain support are not included.
Windows 8 Enterprise – Windows 8 Enterprise provides all the features in Windows 8 Pro, with additional features to assist with IT organization. This edition will only be available to Software Assurance customers.
Windows 8 Pro – Windows 8 Pro succeeds Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate and is targeted towards enthusiasts and business users; it includes all the features of Windows 8. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain, Encrypting File System, Hyper-V, and Virtual Hard Disk Booting, Group Policy as well as BitLocker and BitLocker To Go. Windows Media Center functionality will be available only for Windows 8 Pro, as a paid "Media Pack."
Windows 8 – This edition, simply called "Windows 8," succeeds Windows 7 Home Premium
ويندوز 8, for home, business desktops, and portable computers, released on 26 October 2012.
Windows RT 8.1 - Succeeds Windows RT; only available pre-installed on ARM-based devices or by upgrading from Windows RT. This edition adds Microsoft Outlook to the set of pre-installed free Microsoft Office 2013 programs.
Windows 8.1 Enterprise - Succeeds Windows 8 Enterprise; provides all the features in Windows 8.1 Pro, with additional features to assist with IT organization. This edition will only be available to Software Assurance customers.
Windows 8.1 Pro - Windows 8.1 Pro succeeds Windows 8 Pro and is targeted towards enthusiasts and business users; it includes all the features of Windows 8.1. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain, Encrypting File System, Hyper-V, and Virtual Hard Disk Booting, Group Policy as well as BitLocker and BitLocker To Go. Windows Media Center functionality will be available only for Windows 8.1 Pro, as a paid "Media Pack."
Windows 8.1 - This edition, simply called "Windows 8.1," succeeds Windows 8.
ويندوز 8.1, for home, business desktops, and portable computers, released on 18 October 2013.
Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition – released in 1998, allows the users to log on remotely. The same functionality was called Terminal Services in Windows 2000 and later server releases, and also powers the Remote Desktop feature that first appeared in Windows XP.
Windows NT 4.0 Server Enterprise Edition – released in 1997, is the precursor to the Enterprise line of the Windows server family (Advanced Server in Windows 2000). Enterprise Server was designed for high-demand, high-traffic networks. Windows NT 4.0 Server, Enterprise Edition includes Service Pack 3.
Windows NT 4.0 Server – released in 1996, was designed for small-scale business server systems.
ويندوز هوم سيرفر – Announced at the 2007 معرض الإلكترونيات الاستهلاكية (CES) in Las Vegas. Windows Home Server is intended to be a solution for homes with multiple connected PCs to offer file sharing, automated backups, and remote access.
Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation
Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 for high Performance supercomputers
ويندوز إن تي 4.0 – Abbreviated NTe, it is an edition of Windows NT 4.0 that was aimed at computer-powered major appliances, vending machines, ATMs and other devices that cannot be considered computers per se. It is the same system as the standard Windows NT 4.0, but it comes packaged in a database of components and dependencies, from which a developer can choose individual components to build customized setup CDs and hard disk boot images. Windows NT 4.0 Embedded includes Service Pack 5.
Windows Neptune (27 December 1999) – the first planned version of Microsoft Windows NT to have a consumer edition variant, based on the Windows 2000 codebase. A version was sent out to testers but was never released.
Windows Odyssey (13 January 2000) – a version intended to be an update to the Microsoft Windows NT 5.x codebase. The teams working on Neptune and Odyssey combined to work on Windows XP.