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قائمة إصدارات مايكروسوفت ويندوز

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
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This page lists and links to information on the various versions of مايكروسوفت ويندوز, a major computer نظام تشغيل developed by مايكروسوفت.

إصدارات أجهزة سطح مكتب[عدل]

  • ويندوز 1.01 (20 November 1985)
  • Windows 1.02 (May 1986)
  • Windows 1.03 (August 1986)
  • Windows 1.04 (April 1987)
  • Windows 2.01 (1987)
  • ويندوز 2.0 (9 December 1987)
  • ويندوز 2.11 (27 May 1988)
  • ويندوز 2.11 (13 March 1989)
  • ويندوز 3.0 (22 May 1990; version number: 3.00.73)
  • ويندوز 3.1 (August 1992; version number: 3.10.040)
  • Windows for Workgroups 3.1 (October 1992)
    • Windows NT 3.1 – The only client edition of this OS, whose name is the same as the OS itself
  • ويندوز إن تي 3.1 (August 1993; version number: NT 3.10.528)
  • ويندوز 3.1 (11 August 1993)
  • ويندوز 3.1 (October 1993) This Version of Windows was only released in simplified Chinese.
    • Windows NT 3.5 Workstation – the only client edition of this OS
  • ويندوز إن تي 3.5 (September 1994; version number: NT 3.50.807)
    • Windows NT 3.51 Workstation – the only client edition of this OS
  • ويندوز إن تي 3.51 (June 1995; version number: NT 3.51.1057)
    • ويندوز 95 (24 August 1995; version number: 4.00.950)
    • ويندوز 95 (31 December 1995; version number: 4.00.951 (also listed as 4.00.950A))
    • ويندوز 95 (14 February 1996; version number: 4.00.951 (also listed as 4.00.950A))
    • ويندوز 95 (24 August 1996; version number: 4.00.1111 (also listed as 4.00.950B))
    • ويندوز 95 (27 August 1997; version number: 4.03.1212 (also listed as 4.00.950B))
    • ويندوز 95 (27 August 1997; version number: 4.03.1214 (also listed as 4.00.950B))
    • ويندوز 95 (26 November 1997; version number: 4.03.1216 (also listed as 4.00.950C))
  • ويندوز 95
  • ويندوز إن تي 4.0 – Released on 29 July 1996. The last version which ran on مجموعة تعليمات بنية الحاسب architectures like DEC Alpha, تعليمات الميبس and باور بي سي. Later versions concentrated on x86-based hardware and – mainly as server OSs – the IA-64 line of CPUs. (Version number: NT 4.0.1381)
    • ويندوز 98 (25 June 1998; version number: 4.10.1998 (Security Version 4.10.1998A))
    • ويندوز 98 (5 May 1999; version number: 4.10.2222 or 4.10.2222A (Security Version 4.10.2222C))
  • ويندوز 98
    • Windows 2000 Professional
  • ويندوز 2000 (17 February 2000; version number: NT 5.0.2195)
  • ويندوز ميلينيوم (14 September 2000; version number: 4.90.3000 (Security Version 4.90.3000A))
  • ويندوز إكس بي
    • Windows Vista Ultimate This edition combines all the features of the Home Premium and Enterprise editions, a game performance tweaker (WinSAT), and "Ultimate Extras".
    • Windows Vista Enterprise (Microsoft Windows NT 6.0.6000.0) This edition was aimed at the enterprise segment of the market, and is a superset of the Business edition. Additional features include multilingual user interface support, BitLocker Drive Encryption, and UNIX application support. This edition was not be available through retail or OEM channels
    • Windows Vista Business This edition was aimed at the business market. It includes advanced network and security features, whilst excluding entertainment features.
    • Windows Vista Home Premium Like Windows XP Media Center Edition, this edition did support more advanced multimedia and entertainment authoring, premium games, mobile and tablet PC support, Network Projector, Windows Aero, Touch Screen, and auxiliary display (via Windows Side Show) support.
    • Windows Vista Home Basic Similar to Windows XP Home Edition, Home Basic was intended for budget users not requiring advanced media support for home use. The Windows Aero theme with translucent effects was not be included with this edition.
    • Windows Vista Starter Similar to Windows XP Starter Edition, this edition was limited to emerging markets such as Colombia, India, Thailand, and Indonesia, mainly to offer a legal alternative to using unauthorized copies. It was not to be available in the United States, Canada, Europe, or Australia.
  • ويندوز فيستا, for home and business desktops and portable computers, released on 30 January 2007.
    • Windows 7 Ultimate Windows 7 Ultimate contains the same features as Windows 7 Enterprise, but unlike that edition is available to home users on an individual license basis. Windows 7 Home Premium and Windows 7 Professional users are able to upgrade to Windows 7 Ultimate for a fee using Windows Anytime Upgrade if they wish to do so. Unlike Windows Vista Ultimate, the Windows 7 Ultimate edition does not include the Windows Ultimate Extras feature or any exclusive features. (6.1.7600) Observe the existence of versions that is locked out from activation in some countries.
    • Windows 7 Enterprise (Microsoft Windows NT 6.1.7600) This edition targets the enterprise segment of the market and is sold through volume licensing to companies which have Software Assurance contract with Microsoft. Additional features include support for Multilingual User Interface (MUI) packages, BitLocker Drive Encryption, and UNIX application-support. Not available through retail or OEM channels, this edition is distributed through Microsoft Software Assurance (SA). As a result it includes several SA-only benefits, including a license allowing the running of multiple virtual machines, and activation via VLK.
    • Windows 7 Professional This edition is targeted toward enthusiasts and small business users. It includes all the features of Windows 7 Home Premium, and adds the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, location aware printing, Encrypting File System, Presentation Mode and Windows XP Mode.
    • Windows 7 Home Premium This edition contains features aimed at the home market segment, such as Windows Media Center, ويندوز إرو and touch-screen controls.
    • Windows 7 Home Basic Windows 7 Home Basic is available in emerging markets such as Brazil, People's Republic of China, India, Mexico, Pakistan and Southeast Asia. It will not be available in countries such as Australia, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, New Zealand, the United States, or the United Kingdom. Some Aero options are excluded along with several new features.
    • Windows 7 Starter A variant for developing countries and نت بوك, in which the Aero theme is not included, nor 64-bit compatibility. This edition is to be available pre-installed on computers through system integrators or computer manufacturers.
  • ويندوز 7, for home, business desktops, and portable computers, released on 22 October 2009.
    • ويندوز آر تي – Windows RT is only available pre-installed on ARM-based devices such as tablet PCs. It includes touch-optimized desktop versions of the basic set of مايكروسوفت أوفيس 2013 applications to users—Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote, and support device encryption capabilities. Several business-focused features such as Group Policy and domain support are not included.
    • Windows 8 Enterprise – Windows 8 Enterprise provides all the features in Windows 8 Pro, with additional features to assist with IT organization. This edition will only be available to Software Assurance customers.
    • Windows 8 Pro – Windows 8 Pro succeeds Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate and is targeted towards enthusiasts and business users; it includes all the features of Windows 8. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain, Encrypting File System, Hyper-V, and Virtual Hard Disk Booting, Group Policy as well as BitLocker and BitLocker To Go. Windows Media Center functionality will be available only for Windows 8 Pro, as a paid "Media Pack."
    • Windows 8 – This edition, simply called "Windows 8," succeeds Windows 7 Home Premium
  • ويندوز 8, for home, business desktops, and portable computers, released on 26 October 2012.
    • Windows RT 8.1 - Succeeds Windows RT; only available pre-installed on ARM-based devices or by upgrading from Windows RT. This edition adds Microsoft Outlook to the set of pre-installed free Microsoft Office 2013 programs.
    • Windows 8.1 Enterprise - Succeeds Windows 8 Enterprise; provides all the features in Windows 8.1 Pro, with additional features to assist with IT organization. This edition will only be available to Software Assurance customers.
    • Windows 8.1 Pro - Windows 8.1 Pro succeeds Windows 8 Pro and is targeted towards enthusiasts and business users; it includes all the features of Windows 8.1. Additional features include operating as a Remote Desktop server, the ability to participate in a Windows Server domain, Encrypting File System, Hyper-V, and Virtual Hard Disk Booting, Group Policy as well as BitLocker and BitLocker To Go. Windows Media Center functionality will be available only for Windows 8.1 Pro, as a paid "Media Pack."
    • Windows 8.1 - This edition, simply called "Windows 8.1," succeeds Windows 8.
  • ويندوز 8.1, for home, business desktops, and portable computers, released on 18 October 2013.

إصدارات السيرفرات[عدل]

    • Windows NT 3.1 Advanced Server – the only server edition of Windows NT 3.1
  • ويندوز إن تي 3.1 (August 1993; version number: NT 3.10.528)
    • Windows NT 3.5 Server – the only server edition of this OS
  • ويندوز إن تي 3.5 (September 1994; version number: NT 3.50.807)
    • Windows NT 3.51 Server – the only server edition of this OS
  • ويندوز إن تي 3.51 (June 1995; version number: NT 3.51.1057)
    • Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition – released in 1998, allows the users to log on remotely. The same functionality was called Terminal Services in Windows 2000 and later server releases, and also powers the Remote Desktop feature that first appeared in Windows XP.
    • Windows NT 4.0 Server Enterprise Edition – released in 1997, is the precursor to the Enterprise line of the Windows server family (Advanced Server in Windows 2000). Enterprise Server was designed for high-demand, high-traffic networks. Windows NT 4.0 Server, Enterprise Edition includes Service Pack 3.
    • Windows NT 4.0 Server – released in 1996, was designed for small-scale business server systems.
  • ويندوز إن تي 4.0 – Released on 29 July 1996. The last version which ran on مجموعة تعليمات بنية الحاسب architectures like DEC Alpha, تعليمات الميبس and باور بي سي. Later versions concentrated on x86-based hardware and – mainly as server OSs – the IA-64 line of CPUs. (Version number: NT 4.0.1381)
    • Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
    • Windows 2000 Advanced Server
    • Windows 2000 Server
  • ويندوز 2000 (17 February 2000; version number: NT 5.0.2195)
    • ويندوز سيرفر 2003 for Network Attached Storage Devices (5.2.3790)
    • Datacenter Edition for mainframe like servers (up to 128 processors)
    • Enterprise Edition for larger server applications, and clustering (up to 8 processors)
    • Standard Edition for smaller server applications that don't require clustering (up to 4 processors)
    • Web Edition for basic Web surfing (up to 2 processors)
    • Small Business Server for first server installations (up to 2 processors)
  • ويندوز سيرفر 2003
  • ويندوز سيرفر 2008
  • ويندوز هوم سيرفر – Announced at the 2007 معرض الإلكترونيات الاستهلاكية (CES) in Las Vegas. Windows Home Server is intended to be a solution for homes with multiple connected PCs to offer file sharing, automated backups, and remote access.
    • Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation
    • Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 for high Performance supercomputers
    • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
    • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter Edition
    • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise Edition
    • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard Edition
    • Windows Storage Server 2008 R2
    • Windows Web Server 2008 R2
  • ويندوز سيرفر 2008 R2
  • Windows MultiPoint Server 2010
  • Windows Home Server 2011
  • Windows MultiPoint Server 2011
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows MultiPoint Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 2013

إصدارات الأجهزة الكفية[عدل]

Cancelled versions[عدل]

  • القاهرة (نظام تشغيل) (29 February 1996) – a "true object-oriented OS", planned after Windows NT 4.0 and had the same primary and secondary version numbers.
  • Windows Nashville (2 May 1996) – also known as Windows 96
  • Windows Neptune (27 December 1999) – the first planned version of Microsoft Windows NT to have a consumer edition variant, based on the Windows 2000 codebase. A version was sent out to testers but was never released.[2]
  • Windows Odyssey (13 January 2000) – a version intended to be an update to the Microsoft Windows NT 5.x codebase. The teams working on Neptune and Odyssey combined to work on Windows XP.

See also[عدل]

References[عدل]

  1. ^ Announcing Windows Essential Business Server
  2. ^ "Microsoft combines Neptune, Odyssey into Whistler". سي إن إن. 27 January 2000. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 6 January 2010.