قائمة الدول حسب مستوى الدخل

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى: تصفح، ‏ ابحث
Differences in national income equality around the world as measured by the national معامل جيني.

قائمة الدول حسب مستوى الدخل:

القائمة[عدل]

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Key:
R/P 10%: The ratio of the average income of the richest 10% to the poorest 10%
R/P 20%: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% to the poorest 20%
Gini: Gini index, a quantified representation of a nation's منحنى لورنز

UN: Data from the برنامج الأمم المتحدة الإنمائي.
CIA: Data from the وكالة المخابرات المركزية's كتاب حقائق العالم.
GPI: Data from the مؤشر السلام العالمي.











Country UN R/P
10%[1]
UN R/P
20%[2]
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)[3]
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%[4]
Year CIA Gini
(%)[5]
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)[6]
 Afghanistan 29 2008 29.4 2008 60.0
 Albania 7.2 4.8 35 2008 7.2 2004 34.5 2008
 Algeria 9.6 6.1 35 1995 9.6 1995 35.3 1995
 Angola 59 2000 62.0
 Argentina 31.6 17.8 46 2009 35.0 2007
Jan.-Mar.
45.8 2009
 Armenia 8.0 5.0 31 2008 25.8 2004 30.9 2008
 Australia 12.5 7.0 35 1994 12.7 1994 30.5 2006
 Austria 6.9 4.4 29 2000 6.8 2004 26.0 2007
 Azerbaijan 9.7 6.0 34 2008 9.5 2001 33.7 2008
 Bahrain 36.0
 Bangladesh 7.5 4.9 31 2005 7.5 2000 est. 33.2 2005
 Belarus 6.9 4.5 27 2008 6.9 2002 27.2 2008
 Belgium 8.2 4.9 33 2000 8.3 2000 28.0 2005
 Belize 54 1999 49.2
 Benin 9.4 6.0 39 2003 9.4 2003 36.5 2003
 Bhutan 47 2003 32
 Bolivia 93.9 42.3 57 2007 157.3 2002 58.2 2009
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.4 3.8 36 2007 5.5 2001 36.2 2007
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Botswana 43.0 20.4 61 1994 63 1993
 Brazil 11.0 12.0 54 2009 37.1 2007 53.9 2009
 بلغاريا 7.0 4.4 45 2007 8.8 2005 45.3 2007
 Burkina Faso 11.6 6.9 40 2003 11.5 2003 39.5 2007
 Burundi 19.3 9.5 33 2006 19.3 1998 42.4 1998
 Cambodia 12.2 7.3 44 2007 12.0 2004 44.4 2007 est.
 Cameroon 15.7 9.1 39 2007 15.4 2001 44.6 2001
 Canada 9.4 5.5 33 2000 9.5 2000 32.1 2005
 Cape Verde 51 2002
 Central African Republic 69.2 32.7 56 2008 68.1 1993 61.3 1993
 Chad 40 2003 52.3
 Chile 26.2 15.7 52 2009 32.1 2003 52.1 2009
 الصين (PRC) 21.6 12.2 42 2005 21.8 2004 41.5 2007 46.9[7]
 Colombia 60.4 25.3 58 2006 56.3 2008 58.5 2009
 Comoros 64 2004
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic
of the Congo
44 2006 55
 Congo 47 2005 56.2
 Costa Rica 23.4 15.6 50 2009 37.4 2003 50.3 2009
 Côte d'Ivoire 16.6 9.7 42 2008 17.0 2002 41.5 2008
 Croatia 7.3 4.8 34 2008 7.2 2003 est. 33.7 2008
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Cuba 30.0
 Cyprus 29.0 2005
 Czech Republic 5.2 3.5 26 1996 5.2 1996 26.0 2005
 Denmark 8.1 4.3 25 1997 12.0 2000 est. 29.0 2007
 Djibouti 40 2002
 Dominican Republic 25.3 14.3 48 2007 29.4 2005 48.4 2007
 Ecuador 35.2 17.3 49 2009 17.5 2006
Oct.[8]
46.9 2010 Jun.
 Egypt 8.0 5.1 32 2005 8.0 2000 34.4 2001
 El Salvador 38.6 20.9 47 2008 55.4 2002 46.9 2007
 Equatorial Guinea 65
 Estonia 10.8 6.4 36 2004 11.0 2003 31.4 2009
 Ethiopia 6.6 4.3 30 2005 6.5 2000 30.0 2000
 European Union 30.4 2009 est.
 Finland 5.6 3.8 27 2000 5.7 2000 26.8 2008
 فرنسا 9.1 5.6 33 1995 8.3 2004 32.7 2008
 Gabon 41 2005 60
 The Gambia 20.2 11.2 47 2003 20.6 1998 50.2 1998
 Georgia 15.4 8.3 41 2008 15.2 2003 40.8 2009
 ألمانيا 6.9 4.3 28 2000 6.9 2000 27.0 2006
 Ghana 14.1 8.4 43 2006 13.7 1999 39.4 2005–2006
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Greece 10.2 6.2 34 2000 10.4 2000 est. 33.0 2005
 Guatemala 33.9 20.3 54 2006 48.2 2002 55.1 2007
 Guinea 10.5 6.6 39 2007 21.6 2006 39.4 2007
 Guinea-Bissau 19.0 10.3 36 2002 84.8 1991
 Guyana 45 1998 26.0 1999 43.2 1999
 Haiti 54.4 26.6 60 2001 68.1 2001 59.2 2001
 Honduras 59.4 17.2 58 2007 35.2 2003 57.7 2007
 Hong Kong 17.8 9.7 43 1996 53.3 2007
 Hungary 5.5 3.8 31 2007 5.6 2002 24.7 2009
 Iceland 28.0 2006
 India 8.6 5.6 37 2005 8.6 2004 36.8 2004
 Indonesia 7.8 5.2 37 2008 7.9 2002 36.8 2009
 إيران 17.2 9.7 38 2005 16.9 1998 44.5 2006 38.3[9]
 Iraq 31 2007 42
 أيرلندا 9.4 5.6 34 2000 9.4 2000 29.3 2009
 Israel 13.4 7.9 39 2001 11.8 2005 39.2 2008
 إيطاليا 11.6 6.5 36 2000 11.7 2000 32.0 2006
 Jamaica 17.3 9.8 46 2004 17.0 2004 45.5 2004
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Japan 4.5 3.4 25 1993 4.5 1993 37.6 2008
 Jordan 11.3 6.9 38 2006 11.3 2003 39.7 2007
 Kazakhstan 8.5 5.6 31 2007 8.0 2004 est. 26.7 2009
 Kenya 13.6 8.2 48 2005 18.6 2000 42.5 2008 est.
 North Korea 31.0
 South Korea 7.8 4.7 32 1998 8.6 2005 est. 31.4 2009
 Kuwait 30
 Kyrgyzstan 6.4 4.4 33 2007 6.4 2003 33.4 2007
 Laos 8.3 5.4 37 2008 8.4 2002 36.7 2008
 Latvia 11.6 6.8 36 2004 11.6 2003 35.7 2008
 Lebanon 45
 Lesotho 10.5 44.2 53 2003 48.2 2002 est. 63.2 1995
 Liberia 12.8 38 2007 38.2 2007
 Libya 36.0
 Lithuania 10.4 6.3 38 2008 10.3 2003 37.6 2008
 Luxembourg 31 2000 6.8 2000 26.0 2005
 Macedonia 12.5 7.5 44 2008 12.3 2003 44.2 2008
 Madagascar 19.2 11.0 47 2005 19.3 2001 47.5 2001
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Malawi 10.9 6.7 39 2004 11.0 2004 39.0 2004
 Malaysia 22.1 12.4 46 2009 28.0 2003 est. 46.2 2009
 Maldives 37 2004
 Mali 12.5 7.6 39 2006 12.6 2001 40.1 2001
 Malta 26.0 2007
 Mauritania 12.0 7.4 39 2000 11.8 2000 39.0 2000
 Mauritius 39.0 2006 est.
 المكسيك 21.6 12.8 52 2008 24.6 2004 51.7 2008
 Moldova 8.2 5.3 38 2008 8.3 2003 38.0 2008
 Mongolia 8.2 5.4 33 2005 8.2 2002 36.5 2008
 Montenegro 30 2008 30.0 2008
 Morocco 11.7 7.2 41 2007 11.9 1999 40.9 2007 est.
 Mozambique 18.8 9.9 46 2008 18.8 2002 45.6 2008
 Myanmar 11.6 1998 40
 Namibia 12.8 56.1 74 1993 129.0 2003 70.7 2003
 Nepal 15.8 9.1 47 2004 15.6 2004 47.2 2008
 Netherlands 9.2 5.1 31 1999 9.2 1999 30.9 2007
 New Zealand 4.5 6.8 36 1997 36.2 1997
 Nicaragua 31.0 8.8 52 2005 15.4 2001 43.1 2001
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Niger 46.0 20.7 34 2007 44.3 1995 34.0 2007
 Nigeria 17.8 9.7 43 2004 17.5 2003 43.7 2003
 Norway 6.1 3.9 26 2000 6.0 2000 25.0 2008
 Oman 32
 Pakistan 6.5 4.3 33 2006 6.6 2002 30.6 2007–2008
 Panama 49.9 23.9 52 2009 61.4 2003 51 2010 est.
 Papua New Guinea 23.8 12.6 51 1996 23.8 1996 50.9 1996
 Paraguay 38.8 25.7 52 2008 65.9 2003 53.2 2009
 Peru 26.1 15.2 48 2009 31.5 2003 48.0 2009
 Philippines 15.5 9.3 44 2006 15.5 2003 45.8 2006
 Poland 8.8 5.6 34 2008 8.7 2002 34.2 2008
 Portugal 15.0 8.0 38 1997 9.2 1995 est. 38.5 2007
 Qatar 41 2007 41.1 2007 39
 Romania 7.5 4.9 31 2008 7.4 2003 31.2 2008
 Russia 12.7 7.6 42 2008 12.8 2002 42.2 2009
 Rwanda 18.6 9.9 53 2005 18.2 2000 46.8 2000
 ساو توميه وبرينسيب 51 2001
 Saudi Arabia 32.0
 Senegal 12.3 7.4 39 2005 12.4 2001 41.3 2001
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Serbia 28 2008 28.2 2008
 سيشل 66 2007 65.8 2007
 Sierra Leone 87.2 57.6 43 2003 87.2 1989 62.9 1989
 سنغافورة 17.7 9.7 42 1998 17.3 1998 47.8 2009
 Slovakia 6.7 4.0 26 1996 6.7 1996 26.0 2005
 Slovenia 5.9 3.9 31 2004 5.9 1998 28.4 2008
 Somalia 30
 South Africa 33.1 17.9 67 2006 31.9 2000 65.0 2005
 إسبانيا 10.3 6.0 35 2000 10.2 2000 32.0 2005
 Sri Lanka 11.1 6.9 40 2007 36.1 2003/04
fiscal year
40.3 2007
 St. Lucia 43 1995
 Sudan 51
 Suriname 53 1999
 Swaziland 25.1 13.0 51 2001 25.4 2001 50.4 2001
 Sweden 6.2 4.0 25 2000 6.2 2000 23.0 2005
 Switzerland 9.0 5.5 34 2000 8.9 2000 33.7 2008
 Syria 36 2004 42.0
 Taiwan (ROC) 6.1 2002 est. 32.6 2000[10]
 Tajikistan 7.8 5.2 34 2004 7.8 2003 32.6 2006
 Tanzania 9.2 5.8 38 2007 9.3 2000 37.6 2007
 Thailand 12.6 7.7 42 2004 12.4 2002 53.6 2009
UN R/P
10%
UN R/P
20%
البنك الدولي
Gini (%)
WB Gini
(year)
CIA R/P
10%
Year CIA Gini
(%)
CIA Gini
(year)
GPI Gini
(%)
 Timor-Leste 32 2007 31.9 2007 est.
 Togo 34 2006
 Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 7.6 40 1992
 Tunisia 13.4 7.9 41 2000 13.7 2000 40.0 2005 est.
 Turkey 6.6 4.6 43 2005 17.1 2003 39.7 2008
 Turkmenistan 12.3 7.7 41 1998 12.2 1998 40.8 1998
 Uganda 16.6 9.2 44 2009 16.4 2002 44.3 2009
 Ukraine 5.9 4.1 28 2008 7.6 2006 27.5 2008
 United Arab Emirates 31
 المملكة المتحدة 13.8 7.2 36 1998 13.6 1999 34.0 2005
 الولايات المتحدة 15.9 8.4 41 2000 15.0 2007 est. 45.0 2007
 Uruguay 20.1 10.2 42 2009 17.9 2003 42.4 2009
 Uzbekistan 10.6 6.2 37 2003 10.6 2003 36.8 2003
 Venezuela 18.8 16.0 44 2006 50.3 2003 41.0 2009
 Vietnam 6.9 4.9 38 2008 10.0 2004 37.6 2008
 Yemen 8.6 5.6 38 2005 8.6 2003 37.7 2005
 Zambia 51 2004 50.8 2005
 Zimbabwe 50 1995 50.1 2006
 World 12.0 2002 est.
  1. ^ Data show the ratio of the income or expenditure share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Human Development Report 2009, برنامج الأمم المتحدة الإنمائي, accessed on July 30, 2011.
  2. ^ Data show the ratio of the income or expenditure share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Human Development Report 20087-2008, برنامج الأمم المتحدة الإنمائي, accessed on February 3, 2008.
  3. ^ World Bank GINI index, accessed on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ Data show the ratio of the household income or consumption share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Household income or consumption by percentage share (%), كتاب حقائق العالم, وكالة المخابرات المركزية, updated on January 24, 2008. Note: To calculate the value given in the table for this article, the highest 10% value was divided by the lowest 10% value.
  5. ^ Distribution of family income - Gini index, كتاب حقائق العالم, وكالة المخابرات المركزية, accessed on November 24, 2011.
  6. ^ مؤشر السلام العالمي calculation incorporates UN Gini scores where available, so countries with a UN Gini calculation are left blank in this column. At [1] click on each country to see its Gini coefficient. Year is not given. "There are, nevertheless, some problems with the Gini-coefficient; there is a considerable lag in the publication of statistics for many countries suffers, forcing the Economist Intelligence Unit to estimate the coefficient for a sizeable proportion of the 153 countries in the GPI. These problems of measurement look likely to persist for the foreseeable future, and the use of other measures of income inequality may be more effective."
  7. ^ Stephen Young (2010) Geni Coefficient Nation Multimedia
  8. ^ Data for urban households only.
  9. ^ Human Development Reports
  10. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook 2002 - Field Listing - Distribution of family income - Gini index". Faqs.org. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2011-08-03.