ويكيبيديا:قوالب الاستشهاد

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى: تصفح، ‏ ابحث

في الأسفل أمثلة حول كيفية استخدام القوالب للاستشهاد بكتب وموسوعات ودوريات وأطروحات وأوراق منشورة ومواقع ويب وأجزاء من قصص مصورة وفيديوهات وقصص مصورة تحريرية. انظر أيضاً تصنيف قوالب مراجع.

  • للوصف الكامل الخاص بالقالب — انقر على اسم القالب
  • الحقول المطلوبة مشار إليها بالخط الغليظ
  • قم بنسخ ولصق النص تحت خانة "الاستخدام الشائع" لاستعمال القالب
  • يتبع كل مثال نص المقالة الناتج.

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مصدر القالب
(مطلوب)
الاستخدام الشائع مثال 1
article text
مثال 2
article text
كتب {{مرجع كتاب}}
title
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{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Vari…
  | publisher = [[Springer]]
  | date = 1999
  | pages = 198-203
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | id = ISBN 3-540-63293-X }}

Mumford، David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. سبرنجر. صفحات 198–203. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 3-540-63293-X. 

{{cite book 
  | last = Cordell 
  | first = Bruce R. 
  | coauthors = Jeff Grubb, David Yu 
  | title = [[Manual of the Planes]] 
  | publisher = [[Wizards of the Coast]] 
  | date = 2001 
  | pages = pp. 198-203
  | month = September 
  | id = ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell، Bruce R.; Jeff Grubb, David Yu (2001). Manual of the Planes. Wizards of the Coast. صفحات pp. 198–203. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (مساعدة);

conference
 report
 or paper
{{Cite conference}}
title
booktitle
{{cite conference
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{{cite conference
  | first = M.
  | last = Turk 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = Pentland, A.
  | title = Face recognition usi…
  | booktitle = Proc IEEE Confer…
  | pages = 586–591
  | year = 1991 }}

Turk، M.; Pentland, A. (1991). "Face recognition using eigenfaces". Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. صفحات 586–591.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (مساعدة)

{{cite conference
  | last = Evans
  | first = N. R.
  | coauthors = Schaefer, G; Bond, H.; Bon…
  | title = Direct detection of the close…
  | booktitle = American Astronomical Soci…
  | date = [[2006-01-09]]
  | url = http://www.aas.org/…30.htm
  | accessdate = 2006-07-02 }}

Evans، N. R.; Schaefer, G.; Bond, H.; Bono, G.; Karovska, M.; Nelan, E.; Sasselov, D. (2006-01-09). "Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space Telescope". American Astronomical Society 207th Meeting. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-07-02.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (مساعدة);

موسوعة {{استشهاد بموسوعة}}
Title
encyclopedia
{{cite encyclopedia
  | title = 
  | encyclopedia =
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  | accessdate =  }}
{{cite encyclopedia
  | title = Kirkegaard, Ole Lund
  | encyclopedia = Grote Winkler…
  | volume = 9
  | publisher = [[Winkler Prins]]
  | date = [[1882]] }}

"Kirkegaard, Ole Lund". Grote Winkler Prins. 9. Winkler Prins. 1882. 

{{cite encyclopedia
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | authorlink = Martin Kramer
  | title = Bernard Lewis
  | encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Histori…
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | location = London
  | date = 1999
  | url = http://www.geocities.com/…wis.htm
  | accessdate = 2006-05-23 }}

Kramer، Martin (1999). "Bernard Lewis". Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing. 1. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. صفحات 719–720. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-05-23. 

journal {{Cite journal}}
Title
{{cite journal
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{{cite journal
  | authorlink = Stephen Breyer
  | title = Copyright: A Rejoin…
  | journal = UCLA Law Review
  | volume = 20
  | pages = 75–83
  | date = October 1972
  | publisher = UCLA School of…}}

Breyer، Stephen (October 1972). "Copyright: A Rejoinder". UCLA Law Review. UCLA School of Law. 20: 75–83. 

{{cite journal
  | last = Bailey
  | first = David H.
  | authorlink = David H. Bailey
  | coauthors = [[Peter Borwein|Borwein, P…
  | title = The Quest for Pi
  | journal = Mathematical Intelligencer
  | volume = 19 
  | issue = 1
  | pages = 50–57
  | date = [[1999-06-25]]
  | publisher = Springer
  | url = http://crd.lbl.gov/…/pi-quest.pdf
  | format = [[نسق المستندات المنقولة]]
  | id = ISSN: 0343-6993
  | accessdate = 2006-06-29 }}

Bailey، David H.; Borwein, Peter B., and Borwein, Jonathan M. (1999-06-25). "The Quest for Pi" (نسق المستندات المنقولة). Mathematical Intelligencer. Springer. 19 (1): 50–57. ISSN: 0343-6993. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-06-29.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (مساعدة);

news {{استشهاد بخبر}}
Title
{{cite news 
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{{cite news 
  | last = McGee
  | first = Maggie
  | title = Seabed 'scarred' by…
  | pages = 12–27
  | publisher = CNN 
  | date = [[2005-02-10]]
  | url = http://www.cnn.com/200…
  | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }}

McGee، Maggie (2005-02-10). "Seabed 'scarred' by tsunami quake". CNN. صفحات 12–27. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-07-03. 

{{cite news 
  | last = Andersen 
  | first = David 
  | coauthors = Witter, Lameen 
  | title = Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Ta…
  | publisher = Marine Corps News
  | date = [[2006-02-17]]
  | url = http://www.military.com/Careers/…
  | accessdate = 2006-06-02 }}

Andersen، David; Witter, Lameen (2006-02-17). "Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success". Marine Corps News. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-06-02.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (مساعدة);

newsgroup
 posting
DO NOT
USE TO
VERIFY
{{Cite newsgroup}}
Title
{{cite newsgroup 
  | title = 
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{{cite newsgroup 
  | author = Gary S. Terhune
  | title = Lost Ctrl-Alt-Del fu…
  | date = [[2004-01-11]]
  | newsgroup = microsoft.public…
  | id = uAIVMjC2DHA.2336@TK2MSF…
  | url = http://groups.google.c…
  | accessdate = 2006-05-16 }}

Gary S. Terhune (2004-01-11). "Lost Ctrl-Alt-Del function on W98, 2nd". مجموعات أخبار: microsoft.public.win98.gen_discussion. uAIVMjC2DHA.2336@TK2MSFTNGP09.phx.gbl. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-05-16. 

{{cite newsgroup 
  | title = How can helping "Kids in Afric…
  | author = Trodel
  | date = [[2006-06-10]]
  | newsgroup= humanities.philosophy.objec…
  | id = 1149950890.204481.35810@h76g2000…
  | url = http://groups.google.com/group/…
  | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }}

Trodel (2006-06-10). "How can helping "Kids in Africa" be in my self interest". مجموعات أخبار: humanities.philosophy.objectivism. 1149950890.204481.35810@h76g2000cwa.googlegroups.com. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-07-03. 

paper
thesis
dissertation
{{cite paper}}
Title
{{cite paper
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  | title = 
  | version = 
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  | url = 
  | format = 
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{{cite paper
  | author = Ziman, J.M., F.R.S.
  | title = Public Knowledge: An…
  | date = 1968
  | url =http://info.med.yale.edu
  | format = [[نسق المستندات المنقولة]]
  | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }}

Ziman, J.M., F.R.S.(1968)."Public Knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science"(نسق المستندات المنقولة). Retrieved on 2006-07-03.

{{cite paper
  | author = Williamson, John and Zagha, R…
  | title = From the Hindu Rate of Growth…
  | version = Working Paper No 144
  | publisher = Center for Research on eco…
  | date = 2002 
  | url = http://scid.stanford.edu/…144.pdf
  | format = [[نسق المستندات المنقولة]]
  | accessdate = 2006-07-03 }}

Williamson, John and Zagha, Roberto(2002)."From the Hindu Rate of Growth to the Hindu Rate of Reform"(نسق المستندات المنقولة). Working Paper No. 144.Center for research on economic development and policy reform.Retrieved on 2006-07-03.

press release {{Cite press release}}
Title
{{cite press release
  | title = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
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{{cite press release
  | title = Nature compares Wik…
  | publisher = The Wikimedia F…
  | date = [[2005-12-15]]
  | url = http://en.wikipedia.or…
  | accessdate = 2006-07-03}}

"Nature compares Wikipedia and Britannica" (Press release). The Wikimedia Foundation. 2005-12-15. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-07-03. 

{{cite press release
  | title = HFPA Announces Timetable for 6…
  | publisher = [[Hollywood Foreign Press…]]
  | date = [[2006-05-25]]
  | url = http://www.hfpa.org/news/id/32
  | accessdate = 2006-06-13 }}

"HFPA Announces Timetable for 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards" (Press release). رابطة هوليوود للصحافة الأجنبية. 2006-05-25. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-06-13. 

video {{cite video}}
people
title
{{cite video
  | people = 
  | title = 
  | medium = 
  | publisher = 
  | location = 
  | date =  }}
{{cite video
  | people = Al-Issawi, Omar(Dir…
  | title = [http…Harab libnan]
  | medium = TV-Series
  | publisher = Al-Issawi, Omar
  | location = Lebanon 
  | date = 2001 }}

Al-Issawi, Omar (Director) (2001). Harab libnan (TV-Series). Lebanon: Al-Issawi, Omar.  روابط خارجية في |title= (مساعدة)

{{cite video
  | people = Dick Cavett
  | title = The Dick Cavett Show — Rock Ic…
  | medium = DVD
  | publisher = Shout Factory
  | date = 2005 }}

Dick Cavett (2005). The Dick Cavett Show — Rock Icons (1969) (DVD). Shout Factory. 

website {{مرجع ويب}}
Title
{{cite web
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | work = 
  | publisher = 
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{{cite web
  | last = Spiegel
  | first = Rachel
  | title = Research: Thalidomide 
  | url=http://science-education…
  | accessdate = 2006-04-30 }}

Spiegel، Rachel. "Research in the News: Thalidomide". اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-04-30. 

{{cite web
  | last = Hansen
  | first = James E.
  | authorlink = James Hansen 
  | coauthors = R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K. Lo
  | title = GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation
  | work = 
  | publisher = [[Goddard Institute for Space Studies|NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies]]
  | date = [[2005-12-15]]
  | url = http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/2005/
  | format =
  | doi = 
  | accessdate = 2006-09-28 }}

Hansen، James E.; R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K. Lo (2005-12-15). "GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation". NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2006-09-28.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (مساعدة); Note: blank fields (format & doi above) will not affect the result unless the field is required.

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