تمثيل كيميائي: الفرق بين النسختين

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==علاقة التمثيل الكيميائي بتقنية النانو==
 
يستخدم تعبير التمثيل الكيميائي أيضا في تكنولوجيا النانو الجزيئية molecular nanotechnology ،حيث تجرى تفاعلات تعتمد على عشوائية حركة الجزيئات ، وهي فرع يشمل معظم الكيمياء التخليقية الحديثة synthetic chemistry.
 
The human-authored processes of [[chemical engineering]] are accordingly represented as [[biomimicry]] of the natural phenomena above, and the entire class of non-photosynthetic chains by which complex molecules are constructed is described as '''chemo-'''.
 
This form of engineering is then contrasted with [[mechanosynthesis]], a hypothetical process where individual [[molecule]]s are mechanically manipulated to control reactions to human specification. Since [[photosynthesis]] and other natural processes create extremely complex molecules to the specifications contained in [[RNA]] and stored long-term in [[DNA]] form, advocates of [[molecular engineering]] claim that an artificial process can likewise exploit a chain of long-term storage, short-term storage, [[enzyme]]-like copying mechanisms similar to those in the [[Cell (biology)|cell]], and ultimately produce complex molecules which need not be [[protein]]s. For instance, [[sheet diamond]] or [[carbon nanotube]]s could be produced by a chain of non-biological reactions that have been designed using the basic model of biology.
 
نظرا لأن التمثيل الضوئي والطرق الطبيعية الأخرى لإنتاج جزيئات معقدة تصل إلى حد أنتاج [[الرنا]] وتقوم بتخزينها في [[الدنا]] ، فإن مؤيدي "الهندسة الكيميائية" يطمحون في استغلال عمليات اصتناعية لإنتاج مركبات سلاسل طويلة للتخزين طويل الأمد ، وللتخزين على الأجل القصير ، ويكون لها فاعلية مشابهة للإنزيمات ومشابهة لما يجري داخل خلية حية .فمثلما تقتحبذ
 
This form of engineering is then contrasted with [[mechanosynthesis]], a hypothetical process where individual [[molecule]]s are mechanically manipulated to control reactions to human specification. Since [[photosynthesis]] and other natural processes create extremely complex molecules to the specifications contained in [[RNA]] and stored long-term in [[DNA]] form, advocates of [[molecular engineering]] claim that an artificial process can likewise exploit a chain of long-term storage, short-term storage, [[enzyme]]-like copying mechanisms similar to those in the [[Cell (biology)|cell]], and ultimately produce complex molecules which need not be [[protein]]s. For instance, [[sheet diamond]] or [[carbon nanotube]]s could be produced by a chain of non-biological reactions that have been designed using the basic model of biology.
 
==المراجع==
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