قالب:Rp

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى: تصفح، ‏ ابحث

:{{{1}}}


عمل القالب[عدل]

يرمز قالب "Rp" إلى "reference pages" أي صفات من المرجع.

استخدم هذا القالب عندما تشير إلى صفحات محددة في مصدر قد استشهدت به مرات عدة في المقالة نفسها. في المثال التالي جملة تظهر التنسيق المتولد باستخدام

<ref name="aardvark">... details of cited source ...</ref>{{rp|23}}

التي تستخدم للدلالة إلى حقيقة في الصفحة 23 من المرجع [1]:

يجب أكل التفاح الناضج.[1]:23

هذا المثال الثاني للجملة يظهر التنسيق المتولد باستخدام

<ref name="aardvark" />{{rp|56}}

التي تستخدم كاستشهاد بعبارة مدعومة بحقيقة في الصفحة 56 من المرجع نفسه [1]، والذي سيظهر مرة واحدة فقط في قائمة المراجع:

يؤكل الثريد عادة في وجبة الإفطار.[1]:56


استعمال[عدل]

مع نقطتين[عدل]

{{rp|رقم الصفحة/ات}}

يمكن أن يكون رقم الصفحات رقما واحدا (287 مثلا) أو أكثر (xii, 287, 292, 418) أو نطاق (287–88) أو أي تركيب منهم. لا تضف "صفحة"، أو "ص."، إلخ.— الارقام فقط. يمكن طبعا إستخدام القالب للصفحات غير المرقمة بأعداد، مثل : "f. 29"، "A7"، و "الغلاف الخلفي"،إلخ.، ويمكن إستخدامها أيضا لمصدر بلا صفحات، مثلا، "0:35:12" لمصدر فيديو.

This template is for appending page numbers in Harvard referencing style (or AMA style, as an option – see "With parentheses", below) to Cite.php-generated inline reference citations. It is a solution for the problem of an article with a source that must be cited many, many times, at numerous different pages. It is an alternative to the more common method of using shortened footnotes, that does not require the reader to follow two links to see the source. The Cite.php <ref ...> footnoting system is desired to be used instead of the incredibly tedious and easy-to-break {{ref label}} and {{note label}} system (tedious and fragile in this context; the templates are not terribly difficult to use and are quite useful in other situations).

The problem of course is that a work cited 100+ times with page numbers in each appearance, with individual <ref ...>'s will result in more than 100 lines generated for the same source by <references /> (or {{مراجع}}),[*note] while using a single <ref ...>...</ref> and followup <ref ... />'s with the same name= and simply mentioning all of the pages cited, in the single line generated by <references /> could result in at least 100 pages being specifically cited in a single reference citation footnote, rendering it basically unreadable and certainly useless. Given that Featured Article and sometimes even Good Article review generally insist upon specific facts being cited with specific page numbers, Cite.php's limitations are in fact a severe problem for editors. Even more importantly, either of the two results above is a severe problem for encyclopedia readers.

This template solves this problem (perhaps temporarily, as Cite.php may be upgraded at some future date to account for this problem, in which case a bot can be created to convert {{Rp}} instances to the new, improved "Super-<ref ...>").

* Note: See this diff for a short but already reader-annoying example. Imagine it with 100+ citations to one source instead of just 13.


Example[عدل]

The example below shows {{Rp}} in use both at a first occurrence [<ref ...>...</ref>], with other references and inline superscript templates present so one can see how it looks when used in series, and at a later [<ref ... />] occurrence.

Code

An asserted fact.{{Clarifyme|date=سبتمبر 2015}}<ref name="Jackson1999">{{Cite book
|last=Jackson
|first=Jennifer
|title=The Unlightable Being of Bareness
|publisher=Funky Publications|location=[[San Francisco, CA]]
|year=1999
|isbn=1-2345-6789-0
}}</ref>{{rp|233–7}}<ref name="Smith2000">{{Cite book
|last=Smith
|first=Bob
|title=Another Source
|publisher=Another Publisher
|location=[[Chicago, IL]]
|year=2000
|isbn=0-0986-5432-1
|page=27
}}</ref><ref name="NYT20060120">{{Cite news
|url= http://url.goes.here.tld/
|title=Some Article
|last=Jones
|first=Bill
|work=New York Times
|page=S4, "Style" section
|publisher=[[New York Times Company]]
|location=[[New York, NY]]
|date=January 20, 2006
|accessdate=2007-03-17
}}</ref>

...
Another asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson1999" />{{rp|27, 422}}
...
{{مراجع}}

Results

An asserted fact.[clarify][2]:233–7[3][4]
...
Another asserted fact.[2]:27, 422
...

  1. ^ أ ب A. A. Aardvark (1999). الوقت الأنسب للطعام. المجلة الخضراء.
  2. ^ أ ب Jackson، Jennifer (1999). The Unlightable Being of Bareness. سان فرانسيسكو: Funky Publications. ISBN 1-2345-6789-0 تأكد من صحة |isbn= (مساعدة). 
  3. ^ Smith، Bob (2000). Another Source. شيكاغو: Another Publisher. صفحة 27. ISBN 0-0986-5432-1 تأكد من صحة |isbn= (مساعدة). 
  4. ^ Jones، Bill (January 20, 2006). "Some Article". New York Times (نيويورك (مدينة): New York Times Company). صفحة S4, "Style" section. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 2007-03-17. 

مع أقواس[عدل]

يضع اسلوب AMA أرقام الصفحات مكتوبة فوق مستوى الكلمات بين أقواس أو بعد نقطتين. للمحررين الذي يفضلون هذا التنسيق أو الأسلوب، للقالب خانة page, pages، و at.

Code

مثال لحقيقة مؤكدة.<ref name="Jackson1999">

{{مرجع كتاب
|last=Jackson
|first=Jennifer
|عنوان=The Unlightable Being of Bareness
|الناشر=Funky Publications|المكان=[[San Francisco, CA]]
|سنة=1999
|isbn=1-2345-6789-0
}}</ref>{{rp|page=148}}

...
Another asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson1999" />{{rp|pages=233–7}}
...
A third asserted fact.<ref name="Jackson1999" />{{rp|at=dust jacket}}
...
{{مراجع}}

النتيجة

مثال لحقيقة مؤكدة.[a 1](p148)
...
Another asserted fact.[a 1](pp233–7)
...
A third asserted fact.[a 1](dust jacket)
...

  1. ^ أ ب ت Jackson، Jennifer (1999). The Unlightable Being of Bareness. سان فرانسيسكو: Funky Publications. ISBN 1-2345-6789-0 تأكد من صحة |isbn= (مساعدة). 

Missing page numbers[عدل]

If a reference needs a page number but it is missing, use {{rp|needed=y|{{subst:DATE}}}} or {{rp|needed=y|date=سبتمبر 2015}}. This will automatically use the {{page needed}} template to add the article to the appropriate category. For example, <ref group="b" name="Jackson 1999 ex. 1" />{{rp|needed=y|{{subst:DATE}}}} results in: [b 1][page needed]

This is preferable to something like {{rp|page number?}} or {{rp|?}}, since the cleanup categorization takes place. It is preferable to simply using {{page needed}} in articles that make use of {{rp}}, since it preserves the use of the {{rp}} syntax.

Do not nest the {{page needed}} template inside the {{rp}} template, or the results are too small to be legible for many readers, and with a stray colon: <ref group="b" name="Jackson 1999" />{{tlx|rp|{{page needed|{{subst:DATE}}}} results in: [b 1]:[page needed]

  1. ^ أ ب Jackson، Jennifer (1999). The Unlightable Being of Bareness. سان فرانسيسكو: Funky Publications. ISBN 1-2345-6789-0 تأكد من صحة |isbn= (مساعدة). 

Warning[عدل]

This template should not be used unless necessary. In the vast majority of cases, citing page numbers in the <ref ...>...</ref> code is just fine. This template is only intended for sources that are used many, many times in the same article, to such an extent that normal citation would produce a useless line in <references /> or too many individual ones. Overuse of this template will make prose harder to read, and is likely to be reverted by other editors. Used judiciously, however, it is much less interruptive to the visual flow than full Harvard referencing and some other reference citation styles.

انظر أيضا[عدل]

  • Shortened footnotes in Wikipedia:Citing sources, which describes the most common way of citing multiple pages of the same source.
  • {{sfn}}, a template that implements the most common way of citing multiple pages of the same source.