رسوم هيئة المحلفين

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى: تصفح، ‏ ابحث

يشير مفهوم رسوم هيئة المحلفين إلى راتب يومي يدفع لأعضاء هيئة المحلفين. وتختلف مصادر هذه الرسوم وفقًا لنوع المحاكمة. فتدفع الحكومة الرسوم الخاصة بـ المحاكمات الجنائية، في حين يتقاسم المتقاضون التكاليف المدفوعة في الدعوى المدنية باعتبارها جزءًا من مصاريف المحكمة. وفي حالات ليست بالقليلة، قد يتحمل العبء الكلي لتكاليف المحكمة الخاسر في الدعوى المدنية. وقد يكون الخصم الذي يطلب بوجود هيئة المحلفين مطالبًا بإيداع رسوم يوم واحد قبل إجراء المحاكمة.

مثال: كاليفورنيا[عدل]

يمكن العثور على أحكام رسوم هيئة المحلفين بولاية كاليفورنيا من قانون أصول المحاكمات المدنية قسم 217 و قانون أصول المحاكمات المدنية أقسام 631-636. وما يلي مقتطفات بارزة:

Code of Civil Procedure Section 215

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), on and after July 1, 2000, the fee for jurors in the superior court, in civil and criminal cases, is fifteen dollars ($15) a day for each day's attendance as a juror after the first day.
(b) A juror who is employed by a federal, state, or local government entity, or by any other public entity as defined in Section 481.200, and who receives regular compensation and benefits while performing jury service, may not be paid the fee described in subdivision (a).
(c) All jurors in the superior court, in civil and criminal cases, shall be reimbursed for mileage at the rate of thirty-four cents ($0.34) per mile for each mile actually traveled in attending court as a juror after the first day, in going only.

Code of Civil Procedure Section 631.

...
(b) Each party demanding a jury trial shall deposit advance jury fees with the clerk or judge. The total amount of the advance jury fees may not exceed one hundred fifty dollars ($150) for each party. The deposit shall be made at least 25 calendar days before the date initially set for trial, except that in unlawful detainer actions the fees shall be deposited at least five days before the date set for trial.
(c) The parties demanding a jury trial shall deposit with the clerk or judge, at the beginning of the second and each succeeding day's session, a sum equal to that day's fees and mileage of the jury, including the fees and mileage for the trial jury panel if the trial jury has not yet been selected and sworn. If more than one party has demanded a jury, the respective amount to be paid daily by each party demanding a jury shall be determined by stipulation of the parties or by order of the court.
(d) A party waives trial by jury in any of the following ways:
...
(5) By failing to deposit with the clerk, or judge, advance jury fees as provided in subdivision (b).
(6) By failing to deposit with the clerk or judge, at the beginning of the second and each succeeding day's session, the sum provided in subdivision (c).

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