قالب:حوالي

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
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ح.

توثيق القالب[عرض] [عدل] [تاريخ] [مسح الكاش] [استخدامات]

استعمال[عدل]

هذا القالب ينشئ اختصارًا لـ حوالي ("ح."). افتراضيًا ، يتم تحديد الاختصار بـ <abbr>.

مثال[عدل]

الصيغة ستظهر ملاحظات
{{حوالي}} 1325 ح. 1325 Default style. Line break allowed between "ح." and "1325"; normal-width space
{{حوالي|1325}} ح. 1325 Default style. No line break allowed; thin space
{{حوالي|1325|i=yes}} ح. 1325 With italic "c.", though italics are discouraged at WP:YEAR
{{حوالي|1325|lk=abbr}} ح. 1325 With abbreviation marking only (default)
{{حوالي|1325|lk=yes}} حوالي 1325 With link only
{{حوالي|1325|lk=no}} حوالي 1325 With neither link nor abbreviation marking
{{حوالي|1000|1050}} ح. 1000 – ح. 1050 For ranges
{{حوالي|1325}} ح. 1325 Shorthand for {{حوالي|1325|lk=no}}
{{حوالي|1000|1050}} ح. 1000 – ح. 1050 Shorthand for {{حوالي|1000|1050|lk=no}}

المعلمات[عدل]

Using the date itself as parameter (for example, "{{Circa|1956}}", giving "ح. 1956"), web browsers do not insert a line break anywhere in the string. By contrast, "{{حوالي}} 1956" allows a line break between the "ح." and the number. Also, with the date as a parameter a thinner space is used with many browsers:

  • "ح. 1956" is generated by "{{حوالي|1956}}".
  • "ح. 1956" is generated by "{{حوالي}} 1956".

If the parameter |i= is set to a nonempty value, the "c." is put in italics: for example, "{{Circa|i=''}}" generates "ح." instead of "ح.".

If the parameter |lk= (for "link") is set as "|lk=no" or "|lk=off", the abbreviation is rendered as "حوالي", without a wikilink or abbreviation element. If it is set to "|lk=abbr", it is rendered with the abbreviation element but without the wikilink. If it is set to "|lk=yes" or "|lk=on", it is rendered as "حوالي", with a wikilink to the سرك (Circa) article and not an abbreviation element. Otherwise, the abbreviation is marked with the "<abbr>" element, as in "ح." and linked to the سرك (Circa) article. The lk parameter can be used to avoid overuse of "<abbr>" or overlinking when this template is used repeatedly in the body of an article. A convenient way of doing this is to use {{حوالي}} the first time, and {{حوالي}} thereafter. For example:

  • [[Dionysius Exiguus]] was born {{حوالي|470}}, lived in Rome from {{حوالي|500}}, and died {{حوالي|544}}.
    Dionysius Exiguus was born ح. 470, lived in Rome from ح. 500, and died ح. 544.

If the parameter "sortable=yes" is specified, the template generates invisible text that will cause the output to work in sortable tables, at the cost of causing problems for visually-impaired readers. Compare, "Col 1" and "Col 2" in the following table:

Title Col 1 Col 2
Foo 1066 1066
Bar ح. 1510 1510ح. 1510
Baz 1956 1956

"Col 1" uses {{حوالي}} 1510, and does not sort correctly. "Col 2" uses {{Circa|1510|sortable=yes}} and does sort correctly. This works because {{Circa|1510|sortable=yes}} inserts an invisible span element at the start of the cell: <span style="display:none;">1510</span>. Although it is not rendered, it is still seen by the sorting code and makes sorting work. The downside of this approach is that the invisible text is still rendered by screen readers that are used by visually impaired readers, and by text browsers such as لنكس, so the table will become garbled for readers who are using تكنولوجيا مساعدة or low-bandwidth browsers.