غزيرا

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
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Gżira
Il-Gżira
بلديات مالطا
Hafenpromenade Sliema.jpg
Gżira promenade in February 2014

علم Gżira

علم

شعار
الشعار: Flourishing with Justice
الاسم الرسمي (بالمالطية: Gżira)‏  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P1448) في ويكي بيانات
Gzira in Malta.svg
موقع Gżira

الإحداثيات 35°54′18″N 14°29′40″E / 35.90500°N 14.49444°E / 35.90500; 14.49444إحداثيات: 35°54′18″N 14°29′40″E / 35.90500°N 14.49444°E / 35.90500; 14.49444
تقسيم إداري
 قائمة الدول  Malta
 Region [الإنجليزية] المنطقة الوسطى  [لغات أخرى]
 District Northern Harbour District
Borders مسيدا [الإنجليزية]، سان غوان [الإنجليزية]، سليمة، سانت جوليان، تا إزبيكس [الإنجليزية]
الحكومة
 Mayor Conrad Borg Manché (حزب العمال)
خصائص جغرافية
 المساحة 1٫5 كم2 (0٫6 ميل2)
ارتفاع 19 متر  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P2044) في ويكي بيانات
عدد السكان (Jan. 2019)
 المجموع 11٬669
 الكثافة السكانية 7٬800/كم2 (20٬000/ميل2)
تسمية السكان Gżirjan (m), Gżirjana (f), Gżirjani (pl)
معلومات أخرى
منطقة زمنية CET (ت.ع.م+1)
 توقيت صيفي CEST (ت.ع.م +2)
Postal code GZR
قائمة مفاتيح الاتصال الدولية 356
رمز جيونيمز 2562946،  و8299716  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P1566) في ويكي بيانات
أيزو 3166 MT-12
المدينة التوأم
الدين في مالطا Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Day of festa Second Sunday of July
الموقع الرسمي Official website
Fort Manoel on Manoel Island
Gżira Harbour
The Strand Gżira in May 2016
In Rue d'Argens, Gżira, a double front dwelling built in the interwar period by architect Prof Joseph Colombo as his private residence and shortlisted for the first architectural awards held in 1936, was given Grade 2 protection status. The PA said the building's elevation was exceptional in the way that the traditional townhouse had been reinterpreted in a modernist style making use of strong geometric motifs.

Gżira ((بالمالطية: Il-Gżira)‏) is a town in the المنطقة الوسطى  [لغات أخرى] of مالطا. It is located between مسيدا [الإنجليزية] and سليمة, also bordering on تا إزبيكس [الإنجليزية]. It has a population of 8,029 as of March 2014.[1] The word Gżira means "island" in اللغة المالطية, and the town is named after Manoel Island which lies just adjacent to the town. The seafront of Gżira has views of the walled city of فاليتا, which are illuminated at night, forming a backdrop to Manoel Island, the yacht marina and a seafront public garden. Kappara is located close to Gżira. The Orpheum Theatre is located in Gżira.

تاريخ المدينة[عدل]

قالب:Citation needed section In the mid-19th century a villa was built in Gżira by Chevalier Jacob Tagliaferro. Slowly Gżira started developing into a working-class suburb of Sliema. Until the 1970s, Gżira had many bars, particularly the Snake Pit, Britannia and the Granada along and in proximity of the Strand, which economic activity ended when the British Service left Malta on 31 March 1979.

Tables have turned and the regenerated Gżira is now host to a business community of hoteliers, restaurants, financial institutions, legal firms, online betting companies, real estate and offices amidst a multi-ethnic and multicultural community of residents. Since the last decade, Gżira had a real estate boom, and new buildings, mainly apartments, replace the old buildings.

As a result, much of the character and charm of the seafront houses has changed, although in the heart of Gżira there are still examples of traditional Maltese façades, with timber balconies (Gallarija) and bow-fronted, wrought iron balconies. The proliferation of modern apartments in Gżira as well as the development of high rise buildings, namely Metropolis and 14 East, led to an inflation of housing prices, as the town became sought after by both Maltese and foreigners.

Gżira's population has been fairly stable over the past few years, hovering around 8,029 people as of March 2014. It is known as being quite a multicultural town, with well-established and fairly integrated immigrant groups.[بحاجة لمصدر]

The main reason behind the area's popularity is that it is fairly centrally located in Malta, being close to the جامعة مالطا, Sliema, and the capital فاليتا.[بحاجة لمصدر] Service industries, commercial outlets and educational services are the town's main activities.

The crime rate in Gżira is very low,[بحاجة لمصدر] and the town is generally as safe as the rest of Malta and غودش.

الاديان[عدل]

The الكنيسة الرومانية الكاثوليكية parish church of Gżira is also known locally as tal-Ġebla. Its literal translation means "of the stone", a reference to an incident which took place in Gżira on 10 July 1902. Three British drunken sailors, William Walls, Charles Thurbull and John Packhun, wanted to enter a bar, which at that time of day was closed. When Karmnu Brincat, the owner of the bar, refused to open, the sailors started throwing stones at the place. One of these stones hit a small shrine depicting a picture of Our Lady of Mount Carmel hanging outside the bar. The stone broke the glass of the frame, but did not make contact with the portrait itself, which remained intact. Notwithstanding the wind, the stone remained fixed within the broken glass.

The stone was removed by Anton Manché and taken to the Stella Maris Parish Church in Sliema, whose parish priest at the time was Francis Vincent Manché, the brother of Anton Manché.

For three days, prayers and services for reparation were held. Anton Anton Manché managed to set up a small chapel in Gżira where the small shrine was taken.

On 7 July 1913 Bishop Pietro Pace declared the chapel as a vice-parish.

On 15 May 1921, Bishop Don Mauro Caruana declared the chapel as a parish. Anton Anton Manché was the first parish priest of Gżira. The existing parish church was built between 1921 and 1935.

The second parish priest in the history of the Gżira parish was Carlo Manché, a man revered by many locals as a saint. He became parish priest of Gżira on 12 March 1935 until his death on 18 November 1950.

The frame, the broken glass and the stone that was thrown at the portrait of السيدة العذراء have been very well preserved, and today they can still be seen at the parish church of Gżira.

The parish church of Gżira is dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel, and its annual festa (village feast) is celebrated on the second Sunday of July.

توأمة المدن[عدل]

Gżira has been twinned with غليفاذا (Greece)[2] and واوب جيخ (Poland).[3]

التقسيم الإداري[عدل]

Manoel Island[عدل]

Manoel Island in Gżira's Marsamxett Harbour, was originally known as l'Isola del Vescovo or il-Gżira tal-Isqof in Maltese (literally translated as "the Bishop's Island"). It was the property of the مدينة Cathedral. In 1643 Jean Paul لاسكاريس, Grandmaster of the فرسان الإسبتارية, constructed a quarantine hospital (Lazzaretto) on the island, in an attempt to control the periodic influx of طاعون دملي and كوليرا. In 1675, another Grand Master, this time, Nicola' Cottoner, decided to construct another isolation hospital with an additional forty beds, a chapel and a cemetery.[4]

The island was renamed after António Manoel de Vilhena, a Portuguese Grandmaster of the Knights of Malta under whose leadership Fort Manoel was built in 1726. Fort Manoel is considered a marvel of 18th-century military engineering. The original plans for the fort are attributed to Louis d'Augbigne Tigné, and are said to have been modified by his friend and colleague Charles François de Mondion, who is buried in a crypt beneath Fort Manoel. At one time, the Knights of Malta considered developing a walled city on Manoel Island, but instead they settled on a fort designed to house up to 500 soldiers. The fort has a magnificent quadrangle, parade ground and arcade, and once housed a baroque chapel dedicated to St. أنطونيو اللشبوني, under the direct command of the Order.[5]

During World War II, Manoel Island and its fort were used as a naval base by the البحرية الملكية البريطانية, at which time it was referred to variously as "HMS Talbot" or "HMS Phœnicia". The Chapel of St. Anthony was virtually destroyed following a direct hit by لوفتفافه bombers in March 1942.[6]

For several years now, Manoel Island houses a quaint, informal sanctuary for بطs and other إوزيات, created and maintained by a local volunteer, and funded entirely by private donations near the bridge connecting the island with the main island.[بحاجة لمصدر]

As of November 2006, the historic fort was undergoing significant restoration and renovation works, and a new housing development was under construction on Manoel Island.[بحاجة لمصدر] The Manoel Island redevelopment project, however, has been heavily criticized due to its proximity to the island's important historical buildings.[بحاجة لمصدر] A guarded barrier some 300 yards after the bridge makes it clear that the public is not welcome on the largest part of the island.[بحاجة لمصدر]

السكان البارزون[عدل]

المصادر[عدل]

  1. ^ "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014"، حكومة مالطا، 16 مايو 2014، مؤرشف من الأصل في 21 يونيو 2015.
  2. ^ "Twinning"، Kunsilli Lokali، مؤرشف من الأصل في 15 يوليو 2014، اطلع عليه بتاريخ 14 يوليو 2014.
  3. ^ "Ministry for Justice and Home Affairs"، مؤرشف من الأصل في 21 نوفمبر 2008، اطلع عليه بتاريخ 30 ديسمبر 2006.
  4. ^ Alfie Guillaumier, Bliet u Irhula Maltin,Malta 1972, page 121.
  5. ^ Alfie Guillaumier, Bliet u Irhula Maltin,Malta 1972, page 122.
  6. ^ Joe Ian Attard, l-Istorja tal-Gżira, online at www.My-Malta.com[وصلة مكسورة] نسخة محفوظة 17 أكتوبر 2020 على موقع واي باك مشين.
  7. ^ On-Line IMDb https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0871449/fullcredits/?ref_=tt_ov_st_sm Retrieved 21FEb2019 نسخة محفوظة 2022-01-20 على موقع واي باك مشين.

External links[عدل]

قالب:Malta-LocalCouncils