هذه المقالة أو بعض مقاطعها بحاجة لزيادة وتحسين المصادر.

قائمة الحكام المغول

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة
اذهب إلى التنقل اذهب إلى البحث
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تحتاج هذه المقالة إلى مصادر إضافية لتحسين وثوقيتها. الرجاء المساعدة في تطوير هذه المقالة بإضافة استشهادات من مصادر موثوقة. المعلومات غير المنسوبة إلى مصدر يمكن التشكيك فيها وإزالتها. (ديسمبر 2018)
8 of 15 Khagans of the إمبراطورية المغول.
Mongol Empire and its fragmentation
Imperial Seal of جيوك خان
Imperial Seal of Bogd Khan
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لا يزال النص الموجود في هذه الصفحة في مرحلة الترجمة إلى العربية. إذا كنت تعرف اللغة المستعملة، لا تتردد في الترجمة.

قائمة الدول مرتبة زمنيا ولكنها تتبع تطور السلالات المختلفة.

خماق المغول (1120–1206)[عدل]

إمبراطورية المغول (1206–1368)[عدل]

Great Khans and Yuan dynasty[عدل]

With the establishment of the مملكة يوان in 1271, the Kublaids became Yuan emperors, who were considered as Khagan for the Mongols and إمبراطور الصين (Chinese emperor) for native Chinese.

B. Sumiyabaatar/ Б.Сумьяабаатар, "Чинcгий алтан ургийн үгийн бичиг ба гэрийн үеийн бичмэл", "Genealogy of Monogols", 720 pp., (ردمك 99929-5-552-X)
  • جنكيز خان (1206–1227)
  • تولي خان (بمسمى ريجنت) (1227–1229)
  • أوقطاي خان (1229–1241)
  • توراكينا خاتون (بمسمى ريجنت) (1243–1246)
  • جيوك خان (1246–1248)
  • أوغل قايميش (بمسمى ريجنت) (1248–1251)
  • مونكو خان (1251–1259)
  • Ariq Böke (1259–1264)
  • قوبلاي خان (1260–1294) - Khagan title: Setsen; Temple name: Shizu (1271–1294) Era name: Zhongtong (中統) (1260–1264); Zhiyuan (至元) (1264–1294)
  • تيمور خان - Khagan title: Öljeitu; Temple name: Chengzong - (1294–1307); Era names: Yuanzhen (元貞) (1295–1297); Dade (大德) (1297–1307)
  • Külüg Khan - Khagan title: Khülük; Temple name: Wuzong - (1308–1311); Era name: Zhida (至大) (1308–1311)
  • Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan - Temple name: Renzong - (1311–1320); Era names: Huangqing (皇慶) (1312–1313); Yanyou (延祐) (1314–1320)
  • Gegeen Khan - Khagan title: Gegeen; Temple name: Yingzong - (1321–1323); Era name: Zhizhi (至治) (1321–1323)
  • Yesün-Temür - Temple name: Taiding Di - (1323–1328); Era names: Taiding (泰定) (1321–1328); Zhihe (致和) 1328
  • Rajbagh Khan - Temple name: Tianshun Di; Era name: Tianshun (天順) (1328)
  • Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür - Khagan title: Jayaaatu; Temple name: Wenzong - (1328–1329 / 1329–1332); Era names: Tianli (天歷) (1328–1330); Zhishun (至順) (1330–1332)
  • Khutughtu Khan Kusala - Khagan title: Khutughtu; Temple name: Mingzong; Era name: Tianli (天歷) (1329)
  • Rinchinbal Khan - Temple name: Ningzong; Era name: Zhishun (至順) (1332)
  • Toghon Temür - Khagan title: Ukhaantu; Temple name: Huizong ; Shundi - (1333–1370); Era names: Zhishun (至順) (1333); Yuantong (元統) (1333–1335); Zhiyuan (至元) (1335–1340); Zhizheng (至正) (1341–1368); Zhiyuan (至元) 1368–1370

القبيلة الذهبية[عدل]

  • باتو خان (1227–1255)
  • Sartaq (1255–56)
  • Ulaghchi (1257)
  • بركة خان (1257–1266)
  • Mengu-Timur (1266–1282)
  • Tuda Mengu (1282—1287)
  • Talabuga (1287—1291)
  • Toqta (1291—1312)
  • أوزبك خان (1312–1341)
  • Tini Beg (1341–1342)
  • Jani Beg (1342—1357)
  • Berdi Beg (1357—1361)
  • Qulpa (1359–1360)
  • Nawruz Beg (1360–1361)
  • Khidr (1361–1362)
  • Timur Khwaja (1362)
  • Abdallah (1362–1370)، الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Murad (1362–1367)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Aziz (1367–1369)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Jani Beg II (1369–1370)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Muhammad Bolak (1370–1379)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Tulun Beg Khanum (بمسمى ريجنت) (1370–1373)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Aig Beg (1373–1376)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Arab Shaykh (1376–1379)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Kagan Beg (1375–1376)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Ilbani (1373–1376)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Hajji Cherkes (1375–1376)الحاكم الفعلي كان ماماي
  • Urus Khan (1376–1378), Urus was also Khan of the White Horde and uncle of Toqtamish, allowing the Hordes to unite.
  • Freky Aziz Reffelruz (1378–1380)
  • توختاميش (1380–1395)
  • تيمور قتلغ (1396–1401)،الحاكم الفعلي كان إديغو
  • Shadi Beg (1399–1407)،الحاكم الفعلي كان إديغو
  • Pulad (1407–1410)،الحاكم الفعلي كان إديغو
  • Temür (1410–1412)
  • Jalal ad-Din khan (1411–1412)
  • Feicüs al-Doste (1413–1414)
  • Karimberdi
  • Kebeg
  • Jabbar Berdi (1417–1419)
  • Olugh Mokhammad (1419–1421, 1428–1433)
  • Dawlat Berdi (1419–1421, 1427–1432)
  • Baraq (1422–1427)
  • Seyid Akhmed (1433–1435)
  • Küchük Muhammad (1435–1459)
  • Mahmud (1459–1465)
  • Ahmed (1465–1481)
  • Shayk Ahmad (1481–1498, 1499–1502)
  • Murtada (1498–1499)
  • Left wing (White Horde)[عدل]

    This Horde was annexed by Abu'l-Khayr Khan of the شيبانيون in 1446.

    Right wing (Blue Horde)[عدل]

    Actual rulers of the Golden Horde (Jochid Ulus, Kipchak Khanate) were members of the House of Batu until 1361.

    Great Horde (1466–1502)[عدل]

    الدولة الإيلخانية[عدل]

    After the murder of Arpa, the regional states established during the disintegration of the Ilkhanate raised their own candidates as claimants.

    Claimants from eastern Persia (Khurasan):

    • Togha Temür (c. 1338–1353) (recognized by the آل كرت 1338–1349; by the Jalayirids 1338–1339, 1340–1344; by the Sarbadars 1338–1341, 1344, 1353)
    • Luqman (1353–1388) (son of Togha Temür)

    Chobanids (1335–1357)[عدل]

    Jalayirid Sultanate (1335–1432)[عدل]

    Injuids (1335–1357)[عدل]

    Arghun Dynasty (1479?–1599?)[عدل]

    جاغاطاي[عدل]

    The Chagatai Khanate is split into two parts, western and eastern.

    Moghulistan (Eastern Chagatai Khanate)[عدل]

    From 1370 on, the Chagatai Khans were puppets of Timur.

    Kara Del (1383–1513)[عدل]

    Al-Adil Kitbugha-Sultan of الدولة المملوكية (1294–1296)[عدل]

    Northern Yuan dynasty (1368–1635)[عدل]

    Khans or Khagans of the Mongolia-based Northern Yuan dynasty:

    Genghisid Setsen Khans of Eastern Mongolia (1627–1922)[عدل]

    Ancestry of Navaanneren (previous Setsen Khans):

    • - Batmunkh Dayan Khaan /1464–1543/, 29th Great Khan and descendant of جنكيز خان (1162–1227) through قوبلاي خان.
    • - Gersenz Jalair Khuntaij /1513–1549/, youngest son of Dayan Khan through Queen Samar Ghailu (also called Jimsgene Khatan).
    • - Amindural /1550/, fourth son of Gersenz, ruled northern Kerulen river area.
    • - Morbuim Taij, son of Amindural.
    • - Khar Zagal /until 1627/, son of Morbuim, ruled until 1627.
    • 1. Sholoi /1627–1652/, son of Morbuim, succeeded his brother Khar Zagal in 1627. First with the title of Setsen Khan.
    • 2. Babu /1652–1683/, fifth son of Sholoi.
    • 3. Norov /1683–1701/, third son of Babu.
    • 4. Ravdan /1688/
    • 5. Omokhei /Sonomdorj/ /1701–1709/, was only 10 years old in 1701, so was brought up under the tutelage of Namjil Erdene Taij, a grandson of Sholoi.
    • 6. Gunchin /1709–1728/, eldest son of Omokhei.
    • 7. Tsevdenbainjuur /1728–1733/, eldest son of Gunchin.
    • 8. Choijav /1733–1735/, grandson of Norov.
    • 9. Damiran/1735–1751/, second son of Gunchin.
    • 10. Manibadar /1751–1767/, eldest son of Damiran.
    • 11. Tsevdenjav /1767–1788/, second son of Damiran.
    • 12. Tseveendorj /1788–1795/, eldest son of Tsevdenjav.
    • 13. Puntsagdorj /1795/, only son of Tseveendorj.
    • 14. Sanzaidorj /1796–1800/, second generation grandson of Choijav.
    • 15. Mahashiri /1800–1807/, paternal uncle of Puntsagdorj.
    • 16. Enkhtor /1807–1816/, son of Mahashiri.
    • 17. Artased/1817–1874/, son of Enkhtor.
    • 18. Tserendorj /1874–1893/, son of Artased.
    • 19. Demchigdorj /1893–1909/, eldest son of Tserendorj.
    • 20. Navaanneren /1910–1922/, eldest son of Tserendondov, who was the son of Orjinjav the son of Artased.

    الأويرات[عدل]

    Four Oirat (1399–1634)[عدل]

    خانات زونغار[عدل]

    Khans of Khoshut Khanate[عدل]

    Khotgoid Khanate (late 16th century – late 17th century)[عدل]

    Torghud khans of Kalmyk Khanate[عدل]

    • Kho Orluk (d. 1644)
    • Shukhur Daichin (1644–1661)
    • Puntsuk (1661–1669)
    • Ayuka Khan (1669–1724)
    • Tseren Donduk Khan (1724–1735)
    • Donduk Ombo Khan (1735–1741)
    • Donduk Dashi Khan (1741–1761)
    • Ubashi Khan (1762–1771)

    Bogd Khaanate[عدل]

  • Bogd Khan (r. 1911–19, 1921–24) - Era name: Olnoo Örgögdsön[2] (1911–1924); (the 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu) - Tibetan Spiritual head of Mongolian's Geluk Sect.
  • مراجع[عدل]

    استشهادات[عدل]

    1. ^ Weiers 1986: 505
    2. ^ Alan J.K Sanders, Historical Dictionary of Mongolia: Second Edition, (2003), Scarecrow Press, Inc. p.413. (ردمك 0810866013)

    مصادر[عدل]

    • Dughlát Muhammad Haidar, Norbert Elias, Edward Denison Ross - The Tarikh-i-rashidi
    • Henry Hoyle Howorth-History of the Mongols
    • Herbert Franke, Denis Twitchett, John King Fairbank -The Cambridge History of China: Alien regimes and border states, 907-1368
    • William Bayne Fisher, Peter Jackson, Laurence Lockhart, J. A. Boyle -The Cambridge history of Iran, 5
    • Konstantin Nikolaevich Maksimov - Kalmykia in Russia's past and present national policies and administrative system

    انظر أيضا[عدل]